Descendants of John (BURNAND) BURNETT

Notes


11. George BURNETT

The baptism register of St. Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge, names George BURNETT as the father at the baptism of Martin READMAN, on 15 Jun 1823. Mother's name Elizabeth READMAN. Martin was presumably George's illegitimate son.

George was listed as a member of the congregation and of the 'Holy Guild of St. Hedda' in 1841.

1841 census: HO107/1255/7, folio 25, p14
Egton village
George BURNETT, 35, Stonemason, Y [born Yorkshire]
Barker  do  , 15, Apprentice, Y
Ann  do  , 5 Y
Joseph  do  , 4, Y
//
[George's wife, Mary, and their son William (b:1839) were living in Bishopswearmouth, Co. Durham at the time of this census - next door to George's married sister Jane PALMER]

1851 census: HO107/2395, folio 506, p51
6 Catherine Street, Bishopswearmouth, Durham.
George, a widower for 8yrs, was not at home in Egton. Two of his children were staying with his mother, Catherine Burnett, in Egton and one was staying with his brother-in-law, William Harrison, in Hartlepool. The other child, son Joseph, and George himself were working as stonemasons in the Sunderland area and were recorded as "lodgers" with Ambrose HARRISON and his wife Jane. Ambrose was born at Egton Banks, Yorkshire; he was almost certainly a relative of George Burnett's deceased wife Mary (nee HARRISON)

1853: George was recorded as the 'owner' of a property in High Street Egton, three doors from brother Robert, paying rent of £6.10/- for 3 acres, 2 roods, 8 perches of land, a cow house and two cottages, property of the Manor of Egton.

1857 & 1858: all four of George's children, now adults, are mentioned in various entries in the register of Middlesbrough RC chapel. The place of residence of two of them was given as "North Ormesby". It is possible that George was living at North Ormesby himself.

George died in hospital at Newcastle upon Tyne: [details of death certificate and burial record provided by John DOUGLAS]
DEATH REGISTRATION, Newcastle - upon - Tyne, St Nicholas, 258
Date & Place: 1 June 1869, Newcastle Infirmary
Cause of Death: Disease of Kidneys
Age & Occupation: 65
Father:  Thomas Burnett, decd.
Mother:  Catherine Burnett (m.s. Barker), decd.
Reported by: John Burnett, Birtley
Burial Details: St John's Westgate & Elswick Cemetery. Grave No T351 (Uncons) No headstone, grave not purchased

It is puzzling that George's death was registered by his nephew John BURNETT and not by his own eldest son Joseph BURNETT, who also lived at Birtley. It is also rather ironic that the head of a family of stonemasons did not have a headstone to mark his grave.


Mary HARRISON

Mary was recorded by J. L. O'CONNOR in his book "Hearts of Oak" as a child of James HARRISON and ANN (nee WHITE):
3361 - Mary HARRISON, b: 7/9/1813, Gpts. Robert HARRISON & Mary SWALES.
It is thought that the date given was actually a date of baptism since this information is more or less duplicated in a baptism register for St. Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge. [Mr. O'Connor did not actually quote his source.] The St. Hedda's register entry has godparents as *Henry* HARRISON & Mary SWALES but is otherwise exactly the same as Mr. O'Connor's data.

Mary was not at home with her husband George in Egton at the time of the 1841 census. Also missing was their son William.  The following 1841 census return appears to feature them both:
HO107/310/9, folio 30, p6
Mill Field Cottages, Bishopswearmouth, Sunderland, Durham
Ann PICKERING, 20, born Durham
Mary BURNETT, 25, do
William BURNITT, 18m, do
//
The given ages of Mary & William are consistent with the known dates of birth of Mary the wife of George BURNETT of Egton and their son William. The fact that they were both recorded as being born in Co. Durham may have been an enumerator error. What makes it more likely than not that this was George's wife and child is that this household was next door to William PALMER and his wife Jane with a one year old son named James. Jane PALMER was the former Jane BURNETT, sister of George BURNETT of Egton.  She was Mary's sister-in-law.

Mary's death in 1843 was recorded in the "Guild of St. Hedda's Mortuary List". Her age at death was not given - burial was in the churchyard of Egton parish church.

DEATH REGISTRATION [details from death certificate provided by John DOUGLAS]
District:. Whitby, Sub-Dist. Egton,  No 401
Date & Place: 21 Nov 1843,  Egton
Cause of Death: Typhus Fever
Age & Occupation: 30
Reported by: George Burnett (husband)

Mary's mother Ann, lived to the age of 101yrs - a remarkable achievement for the nineteenth century.


61. Ann BURNETT

Ann's baptism was one of several Egton Bridge baptisms recorded in the register for St. Ann's RC church, Ugthorpe. Her godparents were John HARRISON and Jane WHITE

Recorded in 1851 census returns, age 15yrs, living with grandmother Catherine and sister Elizabeth in Egton Village. Ann was a dressmaker at this time.

Ann was married twice. The marriage register of Middlesbrough RC chapel records the marriage of William Jenkin PASCOE and Ann BURNETT, father George, on 28 May 1857. Witnesses were Joseph & Elizabeth BURNETT (Ann's brother & sister-in-law). Ann's first husband died young and she married her second husband, Charles JACKSON - they were probably married in Birtley, Durham; which is where Ann was living at the time of her first husband's death.

Ann and second husband, Charles, were living in Ormesby near Middlesbrough, at the time of the 1881 census. Living with them was a 'visitor' named John PASCOE. John may have been Ann's son from her first marriage. It is known that Ann and Charles JACKSON had at least two children: sons Leo and William.

Some time before 1900 Ann and her family moved to Scarborough. Mrs. JACKSON (Ann) and Mr Leo JACKSON (her son) were recorded as family mourners at the funeral of Francis BURNETT, Ann's uncle, on 8 Jan 1900.

Ann died at Scarborough in 1919. She was buried with her second husband Charles JACKSON in a family plot at Dean Road Cemetery, Scarborough. The incription on the headstone which marks the grave reads:
"Of your charity pray for the soul of Charles Jackson who died at Scarborough 24 Feb 1906 aged 86. Ann Jackson wife of the above who died 29 March 1919 aged 83, also Margaret Arden Jackson 30 Jan 1929 aged 74, Mary Agnes Jackson 23 Sept 1918 aged 64, Leo Jackson R.C.A. Killed in Action in France 19 July 1918 interred at Corbie, Somme, aged 38 years."


64. Elizabeth BURNETT

Elizabeth married Patrick MARTIN, a licensed victualler from Ireland. At the time of the 1871 census they were at the "Steam Packet Inn", Stockton Street, Middlesbrough. with three children. The 1881 census found them still at the "Steam Packet"; with five children all born in Middlesbrough. [RG11/4846, Folio 20, Page 33]

Elizabeth had seven children with husband Patrick - all baptised at Middlesbrough Roman Catholic Cathedral. At the baptism of one of these children, Anna MARTIN, in 1873, John and Ann BURNETT were the godparents. The exact identity of the godparents needs further investigation.

Patrick and Elizabeth lived at the Warrenby Hotel, Warrenby, Redcar in 1900 - when Elizabeth was a beneficiary of her uncle Francis' will.


14. Philip BURNETT

Philip was described as a stonemason at the time of the 1841 census; he was living with his mother in Egton village [see notes for mother Catherine BURNETT]. Although certainly one of Catherine's sons, he is the only one of her known children who does not appear in Roman Catholic records so far found. He may have been the Philip Burnett who was described as an "out of the Church" member of the 'Guild of St. Hedda' at Egton Bridge in 1840.

A certified copy marriage certificate gives Philip's age as 30yrs at time of marriage (25 Apr 1844) - hence born between 26 Apr 1813 and 25 Apr 1814 incl.

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 606, p7
Newholm
Philip BURNIT, head, 37, mason & ag. lab., Egton
Charlot [sic] do  , wife, 37, Lyth
Margaret   do  , dtr, 6, scholar, Hutton Mulgrave
John   do  , son, 4, at home, Hutton Mulgrave
Catherine  do  , dtr, 2, at home, Hutton Mulgrave
//
[Philip's given age, 37yrs, confirms a birth date between 31 Mar 1813 and 31 Mar 1814.]

1861 census: RG9/3734, folio 13, p20
Lead Gate, Iveston, Durham
Philip BURNETT, head, 46, mason, Egton Yks.
Charlot [sic] do  ,  wife, 45, Hutton Mulgrave, Yks
Margaret  do  , dtr, 16, miliner, do
John   do  , son, 14, grocer, do
Thomas   do  , son, 9, scholar, Newholm Yks.
//

Philip died in 1867 - his wife Charlotte was described as a widow in 1871 census returns for the parish of All Saints, Newcastle on Tyne. [See notes for wife Charlotte LAWSON]

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Philip, Sep 1867, Gateshead, 10a 390 Age 52


Charlotte LAWSON

1841 census:
Charlotte was living with parents John and Margaret LAWSON in Hutton Mulgrave.

1851 census:
Living in Newholm with husband Philip and three children under 10yrs, all born in Hutton Mulgrave.

1871 census: RG10/5097, folio 18, p29
10 Kent Street, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland
Charlotte BURNETT, head, 56, wid, lodging house keeper, born Whitby, Yks.
Thomas BURNETT, son, 19, cabinet maker, born Whitby, Yks
/William J ANDERSON, lodg, 14, grocer, Newcastle
Lawrence FOREMAN, lodg, 22, unm, curicular lawyer, Durham
Henry WALLACE, lodg, 28, unm, joiner, Carlisle
//

Charlotte's son Thomas died shortly after this census - his death was registered during the September quarter 1871 at Gateshead. Now alone Charlotte went to live with her son John who had a grocery business in Brampton Bierlow, near Sheffield in Yorkshire.

1881 census: RG11/4682, folio 27, p22
Charlotte was living with her son John and his family at Brampton Bierlow, Yorkshire - see notes for son John BURNETT

1891 census: RG12/3855, folio 26, p19
Still with son John and his family at the same address in Brampton Bierlow as in 1881 census returns.

Charlotte died at Brampton Bierlow in 1893.

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Charlotte, Sep 1893, Rotherham, 9c 502 Age 79


65. Margaret BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: birth registration not found. [Same is true for sister Catherine]

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 606, p7
Living with parents at Newholm - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3734, folio 13, p20
With parents & siblings at Iveston, Durham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

No further record of Margaret yet found.


67. Catherine BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: birth registration not found. [Same is true for sister Margaret]

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 606, p7
Living with parents at Newholm - see notes for father Philip BURNETT


68. Thomas BURNETT

Thomas' baptism was recorded in the register of St. Hilda's RC Church, Whitby, on 24 Aug 1851. The register entry gives his father's name as Thomas BURNETT, however, his mother was named as the former Charlotte LAWSON. The repeat of the name Thomas for the father's name was obviously an error - nine year old Thomas, was recorded with Philip and Charlotte BURNETT at the time of the 1861 census [see below and also notes for father Philip BURNETT].

1861 census: RG9/3734, folio 14, p20
Living with his parents at Lead Gate, Iveston, Durham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1871 census index: RG10/5097, folio 18, p29
Living with his widowed mother in Newcastle upon Tyne - see notes for mother Charlotte LAWSON

Thomas died shortly after the 1871 census.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Thomas, Sep 1871, Gateshead, 10a 557 Age 20


17. Robert BURNETT

Robert was born in 1819 at Egton and was one of three children of Thomas & Catherine BURNETT whose baptism was recorded in the register of St. Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge. The entry in the register also gives his date of birth.

1841 census: HO107/1255/7, folio 26, p16
Robert was living with his mother in Egton - see notes for mother Catherine BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 38, p5
Egton Village
Robert BURNETT, head, 32, joiner, Egton
Betsy  do  , wife, 41, Lythe
Thomas  do  , son, 5, Lythe
Hannah  do  , dau, 4, Egton
Betsy  do  , dau, 3, do
//

1853: Robert Burnett, carpenter, was residing in High Street, Egton. His rent to the Egton Estate was £5.6/- per annum for 4 acres,1 rood,16 perches of land.

Robert's wife Betsey died in 1860 at Egton. Her burial was recorded in the register of St. Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge.

1861 census: RG93646, folio 19, p6
Fox & Hounds Inn, Egton Village
Robert BURNETT, head, widower, 40, joiner & cartwright, Egton
Thomas  do  ,son, 14, Egton
Hannah  do  , dau, 13, do
Betsy  do  , dau, 12, do
//
[The connection with the Fox & Hounds Inn is interesting, given the family history in brewing and selling beer]

Robert married second wife Ann READMAN in 1865 at St. Hilda's RC church, Whitby.

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 27, p5
19 Esk Cottages, Ruswarp
Robert BURNETT, head, 52, master joiner, Egton
Ann   do   ,wife, 61, Egton
//

1881 census: RG11/4835, folio 61, p24
8 George Street, Ruswarp
Robert BURNETT, head, 60, joiner, Egton
Ann   do  , wife, 70, Egton
//

Robert died at home on 8 Oct 1881 and was buried in Larpool Cemetery, Whitby. His second wife Ann was later buried in the same grave. The headstone marking the grave also commemorates Robert's first wife Elizabeth [Betsey].

Robert left a will which was proved at York, on 31 Oct 1881, by his son Thomas - the sole executor. Robert's brother Francis BURNETT was one of the witnesses to the will. Second wife Ann, son Thomas and daughter Elizabeth STEPHENSON (wife of Robert STEPHENSON) were the main beneficiaries. A granddaughter, Elizabeth PEARSON, was also named as a beneficiary. She can only have been one of the children of Robert's other daughter Hannah. Value of personal estate £264.3.2

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Robert, Dec 1881, Whitby, 9d 315, age 61


Betsy MARSHAL

Baptism register of St Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge, includes the baptisms of three children of a Robert and Elizabeth Burnett (formerly MARSHAL). 1851 census records a Betsy Burnett, born Lythe, living with husband Robert and the same three children in Egton village. The only record of the marriage of Robert Burnett and Elizabeth Marshal so far found is the GRO index reference for the event.

Betsy's baptism is not recorded in the registers of Lythe parish church - she was almost certainly baptised at St. Ann's RC church in Ugthorpe.


69. Thomas BURNETT

The ages given for Thomas in successive census returns are all consistent with a birth in 1846 but his birth registration has not been found in the GRO Index of Births.

1851 census: living with his parents and siblings in Egton - see notes for father Robert BURNETT

1861 census: living with his widowed father at the "Fox and Hounds Inn", Egton - see notes for father Robert BURNETT

1871 census: RG10/133, folio 9, p9
Probably the Thomas BURNETT, age 25, born Egton, Whitby, Yorks who was recorded as a live-in servant to James GRANT at an address in St. James Square, Westminster, London.

1881 census: RG11/0146, folio 87, p22
Thomas BURNETT, age 36, birthplace Hinderwell, Yorkshire, was recorded as a lodging house keeper at 45 York Street, Portman Square, London with wife Ellen, one servant and two 'guests'. This was the address he gave when he was the executor of his father's will in October of that year.

1891 census: ??  [not at the "White House Inn" nor elsewhere in Ruswarp or Whitby]

Thomas was listed as one of the 'special guests' at the service to dedicate the new "Stations of the Cross" at St. Hedda's  RC Church in Egton Bridge, on 14 Nov 1894 - the Stations having been donated by his uncle Francis BURNETT.

Thomas was the victim of an attempted burglary at the "White House Hotel" at Upgang, Whitby, in 1899. The subsequent court case was reported in the "Whitby Gazette" of 24 Feb and 3 Mar 1899.

Mentioned in the will of his uncle Francis BURNETT, in January 1900 - still running the "White House Hotel" at that time.

1901 census: RG13/4560, folio 47, p1                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ruswarp Township
Thomas BURNETT, 55,  living on own means, Hinderwell,
Ellen BURNETT, 49, Chipping Lancs.,
Elizabeth MARSHALL, 19, general servant, Aislaby


Ellen HODGKINSON

Ellen was living with her husband Thomas BURNETT at their lodging house in Portman Square, London at the time of the 1881 census. Her age was given as 33yrs and place of birth Pelling [sic], Lancashire.

1901 census:  Ellen recorded with  husband Thomas BURNETT- her age given as 49 and birthplace Chipping, Lancashire.


70. Hannah BURNETT

Hannah married Joseph PEARSON in 1864

A granddaughter named as Elizabeth PEARSON was a beneficiary of the will of Hannah's father Robert in 1881. Elizabeth was Hannah's daughter.


71. Betsy (Elizabeth) BURNETT

Betsy (Elizabeth) married Robert STEPHENSON in 1869
They had six known children:
Mary Ann, 1 May 1870; Ann, 4 Aug 1872; John, 27 Nov 1874; Thomas, 9 Dec 1876; William, 20 Sep 1879; Elizabeth, 5 Sep 1882. All were baptised in St. Hedda's RC Church, Egton Bridge.

At the time of the 1881census the family were living in Grosmont (Eskdaleside). Children Mary Ann and Thomas, mentioned above, were not listed among the children - they may have died young.

Betsy and Robert emigrated to America some time before 1900. Their address in 1900 was 27 Montgomery Street, Cahoes, Albany County, New York State [Niece Betsy STEPHENSON, at this address, was a named beneficiary of the will of Francis BURNETT of Whitby, proved in 1900]


Ann READMAN

1871 and 1881 census: Ann and husband Robert were living in Ruswarp.  Ann must have married Robert after 1861, when Robert was shown as a widower, living in Egton, in the census returns.


19. Thomas Barker BURNETT

Thomas was born in Egton in 1826 and was baptised at St. Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge - he was baptised with the single Christian name Thomas. At his baptism a Catherine BURNETT was his godmother. This Catherine was almost certainly an elder sister. Two Catherine BURNETTs are listed among those who "completed Easter Duties" at St. Hedda's in 1826; one living in Egton (assumed to be the former Catherine BARKER - mother of Thomas), the other living in Glaisdale (assumed to be the above godmother and sister to Thomas)

Barker BURNETT was recorded in the 1841 census as an apprentice stonemason, age 15yrs (rounded down) with (his brother) George BURNETT in Egton Village [HO107/1255/7, folio 25, p14]. He was also recorded as a member of the congregation of St Hedda's RC church, Egton Bridge in 1844. A Thomas Barker BURNETT was godfather to Elizabeth BURNETT, daughter of Robert and Betsy, at her baptism in St Hedda's RC church in 1848. It seems a fair assumption that Barker BURNETT and Thomas Barker BURNETT were one and the same person and that he was the Thomas BURNETT baptised at St. Hedda's in 1826.

Thomas married Elizabeth Ann CANE, in Chorlton, Manchester, in 1851. Their first child, daughter Mary Jane was born in 1852 just a few months before the family emigrated to Australia aboard the ship "Beejapore", which left Liverpool on October 12th 1852. The ship arrived in Sydney, Australia on 7 Jan 1853 and the emigrants were immediately sent to a quarantine station. Unfortunately, having survived the long journey, little Mary Jane died at the quarantine station. The "Beejapore" emigrants were 'released' from quarantine on 4th March 1853 and Thomas at once sponsored the immigration of his older brother Francis BURNETT.


Elizabeth Ann CAIN

A list of immigrants aboard the ship "Beejapore" prepared for the New South Wales Immigration Board after its arrival in Australia in 1851 shows that Elizabeth was born in Tyrone, Co. Armagh, Ireland and gives her age as 24yrs. Her parents are named as Charles & Jane and a note states - "mother dead, father living in America".

Elizabeth was named in full, including maiden surname, on her husband's death certificate in 1897. The year and place of their marriage was also given, as were the names and ages of their surviving children.

Newspaper Obituary:
"BURNETT - On Friday, 22nd December, 1899, at Portland, at the residence of her son-in-law Mr. T. Field, Elizabeth, relict of the late Thomas Burnett, aged 72 years. R.I.P Inserted by her daughter and son-in-law, Mr. & Mrs. T. Field."


72. Mary Jane BURNETT

Mary Jane's parents were married on 15 June 1851 in Manchester and in October 1852 they emigrated to Australia aboard the ship "Beejapore". During the intervening 15 month period Mary Jane was born in Chorlton, Manchester [GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Mary Jane, Jun 1852, Chorlton, 8c 511]. Mary Jane would therefore be a baby of 4 to 7 months when she was carried aboard the "Beejapore".

On the official list of immigrants aboard the "Beejapore" when she reached Sydney, Australia in January 1853 are Thomas and Elizabeth BURNETT and an infant daughter, Mary Jane BURNETT. Against Mary Jane's name was written 'Died at the quarantine station.' Also against her name, in the margin, someone had written 'Died while under Dr. Barnett's care'. This could be significant. When the "Beejapore" immigrants were quarantined, the healthy ones were placed on high ground under the care of Dr. Barnett (surgeon superintendent aboard the ship]. The sick were housed on lower ground under the care of the assistant surgeon superintendent - a Dr Osbourne Johnson . Dr Barnett faced an 'inquiry board' on arrival in Sydney - where he successfully defended accusations of incompetence made by one of the migrants. The handwriting in the side column looks like Dr. Johnson's - perhaps he wanted the authorities to know that Mary Jane died in Barnett's care.


75. William Francis BURNETT

Named as a beneficiary of the will of his uncle Francis BURNETT in 1900 when his address was given as "Club House Hotel", Sunny Corner, Wallerawang, N.S.W. Australia.

William Francis died of double pneumonia in the Portland Hospital and was buried in the Roman Catholic cemetery at Wallerawang. His death certificate described him as "not married".


76. Catherine Jane BURNETT

Born and married in Australia but came to England and lived in Bradford, where her husband died. Catherine returned to Australia - her address in 1900 was 99 Mill St., Redfern, Sydney, N.S.W (mentioned in Francis BURNETT's papers)

Catherine Jane BURNETT, age 35yrs, was named on the death certificate of Thomas BURNETT, on 7 Mar 1897, as one of his surviving children. From her given age in 1897 a date of birth in 1862 can be calculated.


77. Martha Caroline BURNETT

Martha was named as a surviving child, age 32yrs, on her father's death certificate in 1897. The given age suggests a birth date in 1865. Martha was also named by the executors of Francis BURNETT's will in 1901 as a beneficiary - she was described as "wife of George REILLY".

Address in 1900 - 5 Charles St., Enmore, Sydney, New South Wales.


78. Henrietta BURNETT

Henrietta was named as a surviving child of Thomas BURNETT on his death certificate in 1897. Her given age of 29yrs was not consistent with the NSW 'Pioneers' Index of Births; which has her born in Hartley, NSW, in 1866. Henrietta was in fact 31yrs old in 1897.

The executors of Francis BURNETT's will in 1901 named an Ann MILLER as one of the beneficiaries of the will. Ann was supposedly one of the daughters of Francis' brother Thomas BURNETT and the wife of Carl MILLER; she had an address in Australia. Without doubt the executors were referring to Henrietta - who married Carl MULLER in Sydney in 1894.


20. Hannah BURNETT

The Stokesley parish register has the baptisms of three children of Hannah BURNETT and consistently describes her as a "single woman". The first two baptism entries, in 1831 and 1833, give Hannah's residence as Busby, but at the time of the 1841 census Hannah was living with two of her children, one having died as a child, in Stokesley:

1841 census: HO107/1259/11, folio 10, p11
Front Street, Stokesley
Hannah BURNETT, age 38, washerwoman, born Yorks.
Elizabeth  do age 10, born Yorks
William  do age 6m, born Yorks
[The enumerator did not round down Hannah's age, which at 38 suggests birth c1802.]

1851 census: HO107/2376, folio 123, p13
West End, Stokesley
Hannah BERNET head, unm, 49, labourer out doors, Egton
William    do   , son, 10, scholar at home, Stokesley
//
[Hannah's daughter Elizabeth was recorded as a domestic servant at the home of William BRAITHWAITE, a printer & stationer, in Stokesley. It is perhaps significant that son William was himself to become a printer & publisher and eventually a newspaper proprieter]

Hannah's given age of 49 in 1851 is consistent with the age she gave in 1841 - both suggest birth in c1802. There were several possible Hannah BURNETTs born at about that time, however, her given birthplace of Egton narrows down the field to just one known individual. Hannah the illegitimate daughter of Elizabeth BURNETT, baptised at Goathland on 9 Sep 1798. The fact that Hannah named her first child Elizabeth tends to support this conclusion. Similarly the date and location of Hannah's baptism leave Elizabeth BURNETT as the only real candidate for her mother and she can only have been the Elizabeth BURNETT born in 1773 in Egton, daughter of the innkeeper John BURNETT and his wife Elizabeth [nee MEAD].

Though no record of his baptism has been found there is strong evidence to support the suggestion that Hannah had a fourth illegitimate child - a son named Thomas.

Thomas BURNETT, age 10yrs, was recorded at the time of the 1841 census living with Joseph and Elizabeth BAYLIEF and their children at Farndale East Side, Yorkshire [HO107/1263/14, folio 4, p1]. Elizabeth was the former Elizabeth BURNETT, born 1773 at Egton; Hannah's mother.  In 1851 Thomas BONNET, age 22, born Helmsley, was recorded living with Esther BAYLIEF, daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth above, and described as her "nephew" [HO107/2371, folio 486, p1]. This suggests that Thomas was the son of one of Esther’ married sisters but it is far more likely that Thomas was the illegitimate son of Esther BAYLIEF's half-sister Hannah BURNETT.


79. Thomas BURNETT

Though no record of Thomas' baptism has been found there is strong evidence to support the suggestion that he was a son of Hannah BURNETT, single woman, of Stokesley.

Thomas BURNETT, age 10yrs, was recorded at the time of the 1841 census living with Joseph and Elizabeth BAYLIEF and their children at Rosedale East Side, Yorkshire. Elizabeth was the former Elizabeth BURNETT, born 1773 at Egton, daughter of innkeeper John BURNETT. Elizabeth had an illegitimate daughter named Hannah in 1798 - before she married Joseph BAYLIEF - and this Hannah BURNETT was living at Stokesley at the time of both 1841 and 1851 censuses. She gave her birthplace as Egton for the 1851 return.

Hannah BURNETT, single woman, had three illegitimate children baptised at Stokesley; Elizabeth [1831], Mary [1833] and William [1841]. Mary died as an infant but Elizabeth and William were recorded with their mother in 1841 census returns for Stokesley.

1851 census returns included the following household:
HO107/2372, folio 486, p1
Farndale East Side
Easter [sic] BAYLIEFF, head, unm, 33, farmer of 100 acres, born Danby**
Thomas BONNET, neph, unm, 22, farm labourer, born Helmsley**
William BARTHARAM, neph, 11, farm labourer, born Haram [sic] – Harome near Helmsley
Anne   do   , niece, 3, born Haram
Elizabeth   do  , niece, 16, general servant,, born Haram
//
William, Anne and Elizabeth BARTHRAM were children of Esther BAYLIEF’s sister Mary BAYLIEF, who married John BARTRAM (sic) at Helmsley in 1831. Elizabeth BARTHRAM was a witness at the marriage of Elizabeth BURNETT, illegitimate daughter of Hannah BURNETT, to John CAMPION in 1854
**The Head of Household, Esther BAYLIEF, was a daughter of Joseph BAYLIEF & Elizabeth (nee BURNETT). Thomas BONNET's given age suggests birth in 1828 or 1829 and the fact that he was described as Esther's "nephew" suggests that he was the son of one of Esther's married sisters, however, it is far more likely that he was the illegitimate son of Esther BAYLIEF’s half-sister, Hannah BURNETT, above.  Thomas' given birthplace may provide a clue, always supposing that this was genuine.

No record of Thomas has been found after the 1851 census.


80. Elizabeth BURNETT

1841 census: Front Street, Stokesley, Yorks.
Hannah BURNETT, 38, washerwoman, born Yorks.
Elizabeth   do   , 10, born Yorks
William     do   , 6m, born Yorks
//

1851 census: HO107/2376, folio 72, p6
Front Street, Stokesley
William BRAITHWAITE, head, 43, printer & stationer, Stokesley
Elizabeth do , wife, 42, Stainton
Jane WILSTROP, sis/law, 32, Stokesley
Elizabeth BURNETT, serv, 19, house servant, Stokesley
//
It is very significant that Elizabeth was living-in and working for a printer. Her brother William was to become a printer, publisher and newspaper proprietor.

Elizabeth married John CAMPION at Danby in Cleveland in 1854. One of the witnesses to the marriage was Elizabeth BARTHRAM - now known to have been Elizabeth BURNETT's cousin.

1861 census: RG9/3651, folio ?, p12
Boulby Hamlet, Easington
John CAMPION, head, 32, Ag. Lab., Danby
Elizabeth do , wife, 29, Busby
William BURNETT, visit, 20, unm, printer compositer, Stokesley
William H. PORRITT, visit, 19, unm, joiner, Leeds
//
Visitor William BURNETT was Elizabeth CAMPION's younger brother.

1871 census: RG10/4893, folio 60, p7
Fallows? Street, Middlesbrough
John CAMPION, head, 43, labourer, Danby
Elizab.  do , wife, 41, Stokesley
John William do ----, 21, unm, ----- **no relationship, occupation or birthplace given
W. Burnett do , son, 2, Middlesbrough
//

1881 census: RG11/4852, folio 99, p44
With husband John and one female child in Middlesbrough. Given age 50, birthplace Bursly (sic) [obviously a mis-heard or incorrectly transcribed Busby.
//

1891 census: RG12/4009, folio 19, p32
With husband John and two unmarried adult children in Middlesbrough. Given age 60, birthplace Busby.
//

Elizabeth died at Middlesbrough in 1894. Her husband John CAMPION survived her by 10 years - he died at Middlesbrough in 1904.


23. John BURNETT

John was born in 1810, almost certainly in "Well House", at Stonebeckgate, Little Fryup Dale, Danby. His father had purchased the property in 1807 and is known to have been there from 1808 until 1812; when the property was sold and the family moved to Great Moorsholm near Skelton.

John's father later moved his family to Loftus and it was while living here that John's mother died and his father re-married and moved the family to Staithes. John would have been 18yrs old and may not have made the move to Staithes - he was almost certainly making his own way in life by then.

John became a carpenter, he was described as such on his marriage certificate when he married Mary KIDD at Whitby in 1838; by which time he was living at an address in Baxtergate, Whitby. He then spent at least eight years working in a gold mine at Gongo Soco in Brazil, leaving this country shortly after his marriage. There was plenty of work for a carpenter in the mines of Brazil. Most of the machinery was constructed of wood and because the prime source of power was water, water wheels and aqueducts were used, also constructed of wood. In addition to this, vast quantities of timber had to be fashioned into pit-props for use under-ground. The mine at Gongo Soco was operated by a British company who recruited almost all of their skilled workforce in England. There may have been posters in Whitby, or advert's in the newspapers of the time, offering work for carpenters in Brazil. There was certainly large scale advertising in Cornwall, where most of the miners for Brazil were recruited. Newly married John may have been told about it by a friend or relative who was a mariner and had seen the posters in Cornwall. The fishing boats from Newlyn in Cornwall often visited Whitby, and vice versa, and John's uncle, Philip Burnett, was a mariner who may well have put into Newlyn or one of the other Cornish ports.

It is likely that John went out to Brazil alone and then sent for Mary when he had settled into his new home. The company which operated the mine at Gongo Soco had a policy of bringing miners' families out to join them. This was a common arrangement; the company advanced the money to pay for the journey out to Brazil for the employee's family - he paid it back by monthly installments. Certainly Mary was in Brazil by 1840 when first child Mary Ann was born. John and Mary had six children born in Brazil and if these children were baptised it would have to have been at either the Catholic church in Gongo Soco or at the nearest Anglican chapely - which was at Morro Velho, another English owned mine about twenty five miles away. Parish registers for the church at Morro Velho have survived but no record of their baptisms has been found.

John and Mary were back in England before the end of 1848, when John purchased some property in the parish of Danby. The North Riding of Yorkshire Register of Deeds contains a copy extract from a deed dated 29 Sep 1848 which conveyed "Toad Hoole Farm" [sic] in Bainley Side, near Fryup with a number of named pieces of land from William THOMPSON, gentleman, of Whitby to John BURNETT, farmer, of Fryup and Robert BRECKON, gentleman, of Whitby. The Register of Deeds also contains a copy extract from a deed dated 30 Sep 1848, the day after the above, which concerned exactly the same property and land. This second deed was between John BURNETT and John BARKER and Robert VENIS, the joint executors of the will of John BARKER, late of Farndale, deceased. Exactly what the second deed involved is not clear - John may have been raising a mortgage or he may have sold on his interest in the property but remained as a tenant. Either way he was farming in Fryup at the time of the 1851 census:

HO107/2374, folio 98, p11-12
Fryup
John BURNETT, head, 41, farmer 21 acres & wheelwright, Danby
Mary   do  , wife, 42, Rosedale
Mary Ann   do  , dau, 11, Brazil S. America
John   do  , son, 10, scholar,do
Jane   do  , dau, 8, do
George   do  , son, 5, do
Frank   do  , son, 1, Fryup
Mary KIDD,  mother/law, 75, relief from parish, Sneaton
//
It is know that John & Mary had a son named William, who was the twin brother of George, and a daughter named Hannah, both of whom were born in Brazil and who were alive at the time of this census [see 1861 census extract below]. Their whereabouts in 1851 remain a mystery.

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 123, p1
Domains House, Fylingdales
John BURNETT, head, 51, farmer of 100 acres, Fryup
Mary do , wife, 52, Rosedale
Mary Ann do , dau, 21, unm, Gongosoco (sic), South America
Jane do , dau, 17, do
George do , son, 15, carterdo
William do , son, 15, do
Hannah do , dau, 13, do
Frank do , son, 11, scholar, Fryup
Robert do , son, 10, dodo
Thomas do , son, 8, dodo
Joseph do , son, 6, do , Fylingdales
Mary KIDD, boarder, 85, widow , Sneaton Thorpe
//
The given birthplaces for the children indicate that John farmed at Fryup until at least 1852 and moved to Fylingdales before 1855. It was this census return which first identified the specific place in Brazil where John and his family had lived and also confirmed the existence of daughter Hannah and son William, the twin brother of George.

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 151, p15
Ramsdale, Fylingdales
John BURNETT, head, 61, farmer of 118 acres, Danby
Mary do , wife, 62, Rosedale
William do , son, 25, unm, Gongosoco Brazil
Joseph do , son, 16, Fylingdales
Hannah do , dau, 23, unm, Mooroagbaqunt [sic] Brazil
//
It is interesting that Hannah, the last of the children to be born in Brazil, did not have Gongo Soco as her birthplace. The enumerator would either have written down the birthplace given for Hannah as he heard it, or would have transcribed what he thought was written on the census form if it had been completed by John BURNETT as head of household. There would have been great scope for misinterpretation. A map of the particular mining region of Brazil in which Gongo Soco was situated shows that the word Morro was common in place names and about 20mls to the South-East of Gongo Soco was a mine named "Agua Quente". It is highly likely that Hannah's birthplace was Morro Agua Quente. Whatever it was, this census return does show that John had left Gongo Soco before 1848 and as we have seen [above] the family was back in England by the end of that year.

1881 census: RG11/4836, folio 58, p19
Thorpe, Fylingdales
John BURNITT, head, 71, farmer, Danby
Mary do , wife, 72, Rosedale
//

John was the Overseer of the Poor in Fylingdales for several years - his name appears in that capacity on various documents found in the course of research.

John's will, dated 25 Oct 1882 in the township of Fylingdales, named son-in-law Francis William MORLEY and son Robert BURNETT as executors. Although still alive at the time of their father's death sons John, Thomas and Joseph were not mentioned in the will - they may already have received their share of their father's 'estate'. The will was proved at York on 2 Jan 1883 and the probate document shows the personal estate was valued at £315.15s.0d.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, John, Dec 1882, Whitby, 9d 323, age 72


Mary KIDD

Mary had a twin named Jane KIDD.  The record of their baptism in Lastingham parish register also records their date of birth. Their parents were Frank KIDD and Mary LENG.


83. Mary Ann BURNETT

Mary Ann was born in Brazil in c1840, about one year after her father John BURNETT arrived in that country to begin working as a carpenter in a gold mine at Gongo Soco. Mary was the first of six children to be born in Brazil before the family returned to England during 1848.

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 98, p11-12
With parents & siblings in Fryup - see notes for father John BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 123, p1
With parents & siblings in Fylingdales - see notes for father John BURNETT

Mary married Francis William MORLEY at Fylingdales, shortly after the 1861 census.

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 148, p10
At Kirk Moor Gate, Fylingdales. 

1881 census: RG11/4836, folio 81, p10
At Kirk Moor Gate, Fylingdales 

Mentioned in her father's will, proved 2 Jan 1883. Her husband Francis William (Frank) MORLEY of St. Ives Farm, Fylingdales, was one of the executors of the will.

1891 census: RG12/3995, folio 186, p8
At St. Ives Farm, Fylingdales
[A descendant of one of Mary and Frank's three sons was still farming at St. Ives Farm in 1998.]

Mary's husband Francis William MORLEY died in 1895. The 1901 census found Mary living with her married daughter Mary Jane in Ruswarp [see below].

1901 census: RG13/4560, folio , p8
Factory House (Factory Fields), Ruswarp
William TRATTLES, head, 38, builder's cartman, Boulby
Mary J. do , wife, 36, Fylingdales
Mary A. MORLEY,  boardr, wid, 63, retired farmer, Brazil
Thomas F.   do , boardr, sing, 22, butcher, Fylingdales
Rowland WHITTLE, boardr, sing, 33, market gardener, Doncaster
//


Francis William MORLEY

Francis farmed at Kirk Moor Gate, Fylingdales for several years before moving to St. Ives Farm, Fylingdales sometime before the 1891 census.  He died at St. Ives Farm in 1895.  [GRO Index of Deaths: MORLEY, Francis William, Jun 1895, Whitby, 9d 309 Age 60]


85. Jane BURNETT

Jane was born c1843, one of six children to be born at Gongo Soco in Brazil, where their father John BURNETT was working as a carpenter in a gold mine.

The family returned to England during 1848 and eventually settled in the parish of Fylingdales

Jane married a master mariner named Edward GILLINGS in 1864 - by coincidence they both had the same date of birth. At the time of the 1871 census Jane and their first two children had joined Edward on a voyage aboard his ship - see notes for husband Edward GILLINGS.

1881 census: RG11/4836, folio 60, p25
Thorpe, Fylingdales
Jane GILLINGS, head, mar, 37, mariner's wife, Brazil, South America
Edward  do,  son, 11, scholar, R H. Bay
William S. do, son, 7, do Thorpe
John A. do, dau, 5, do do
Isabella do, dau, 2, do
Elizabeth PEARSON, head, mar, 27, mariner's wife, R H Bay
Mary J. GILLINGS, visit, 15, Thorpe
//

Jane was a beneficiary of her father's will, proved 2 Jan 1883, under her married name.

1891 census: RG12/3995, folio 164, p16
2 North Street, Thorpe, Fylingdales
Jane GILLINGS, head, mar, 47, Brazil (British Subject)
Mary Jane do , dau, unm, 25, Fylingdales
John A. do , son, 15, scholar, do
Annie do , dau, 12, do do
Martha R. do , dau, 9, do do
Beatrice A. do , dau, 5, do do
//

Jane died at her home in Fylingdales in 1892.

One of Edward & Jane's grandsons, Ronald Storm GILLINGS, lived at Robin Hood's Bay until his death in 1991. His widow, Gwen was still living there, aged 85yrs, in 1998 and provided a lot of background information about the STORM and GILLINGS families during a visit to her home. Gwen died in 2004.

A portrait photograph of Jane GILLINGS, nee BURNETT, and a group photograph of Jane, her husband and their family, both provided by Gwen GILLINGS, are held on file.


Edward GILLINGS

1871 census: RG10/5046, folio 96
Vessel "Zodiac" of Whitby, South Shields, Durham
Edward GILLINGS, 25, master, Whitby, Yorks. with a crew of four and
Jane GILLINGS, 28, master's wife, Whitby Yorks.
Mary Jane do , 5, master's daughter, do
Edward do , 1, master's son, do
//
The given birthplaces of Edward GILLINGS and his family were obviously not as they should have been.

1881 & 1891 census: Edward was away from home, probably at sea. His wife Jane and their children were recorded at home in Fylingdales - see notes for wife Jane BURNETT.

1901 census: RG13/4561, folio 37, p8
Melrose Villa, Fylingdales Township, Yorks.
Edward GILLINGS, head, widr, 57, retired master mariner, Fylingdales
Mary Jane do dau, single, 35, Fyligdales
Annie Isabel do dau, do , 22, do
Beatrice Alice do dau, 15, Fylingdales
//


86. William BURNETT

William & his twin brother George were born c1846 at Gongo Soco, Brazil - where their father was working as a carpenter in a gold mine. The family were back in England by the end of 1848

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 98, p11-12
William was not listed with his parents in Fryup, Danby - his supposed twin brother George was. See notes for father John BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 123, p1
William and George, both recorded as having been born in Gongo Soco, Brazil and both aged 15yrs, were living with their parents in Fylingdales. See notes for father John BURNETT

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 151, p15
William was still working on his father's farm in Fylingdales. See notes for father John BURNETT

1881census: RG11/4836, folio 84, p15
William was working for his brother Robert at Park Hill Farm, Fylingdales - he was still unmarried at this time. See notes for brother Robert BURNETT

1883: William was a beneficiary of his father's will (a pecuniary legacy of £40 - four times what his twin brother George received)

William married in 1889 - according to the GRO Index of Marriages he married Elizabeth Ann CRENNY during the December quarter of 1889 at Hartlepool. However, in census returns for 1891 and 1901 William's wife was named as Isabella J. and Jane respectively. GRO Index of Marriages lists the marriage of John CRANNEY and Jane Isabell TAYLOR during the March quarter of 1872 at Hartlepool and 1881 census returns show J. CRANNEY with wife Jane, daughter Ann and son J. CRANNEY, age 3, at 2 Frederick Street, Throston, Hartlepool. There is little doubt that John CRANNEY died before 1889 and his widow married William BURNETT. The 1891 census found her and two of her children with husband William BURNETT [see below]

1891 census: RG12/4059, folio 16, p25
43 Frederick Street, Throston, Hartlepool, Durham
William BURNETT, head, 46, labourer on the railway - plater,  S.America
Isabella J do wife, 44, Hartlepool
John C. do son, 14, scholar, Hartlepool
Isabella C. do dau, 9, do do
//
The initial C following the names of the children John and Isabella obviously stood for CRANNEY and the two were step-children of William BURNETT, his wife's children from her first marriage to John CRANNEY.

1901 census: RG13/4636, folio 196, p31
19 Blandford Street, Throston, Hartlepool, Durham
William BURNETT, head, 55, railway passenger carriage cleaner, South America BS*
Jane do wife, 54, Hartlepool
John CRENNEY, boardr, 22, unm, railway engine stoker, Hartlepool
//
*BS = British Subject
John CRENNEY was almost certainly William BURNETT's step-son, son of his wife Jane from her first marriage to John CRANNEY [see above]

William died at Hartlepool in 1910.
[GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, William, Mar 1910, Hartlepool, 10a 108 Age 64]

Burial register for Spion Kop Cemetery, Hartlepool has:
BURNETT, William, N.E.R.Carriage Cleaner, 64 years, 19 Hart St., 17/3/1910, EE.32


88. Hannah BURNETT

Hannah was the sixth of her parent's children to be born in Brazil. From ages given in census returns she was born c1848 and it is known that the family were back in England by the end of that year.

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 98, p11-12

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 123, p1

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 151, p15


1871 census returns give Hannah's birthplace as "Mooroagbaqunt, Sth America". This place name could not be found on any early maps of the Minas Gerais area of Brazil, where it is known her father worked at Gongo Soco gold mine. However, there was a mine at Morro Agua Quente near Morro Das Almas [3km from Catas Altas in the Minas Gerais region] and it seems highly likely that her father had moved from Gongo Soco to this mine and this is where Hannah was born. There is a photograph of modern-day Morro d'Agua Quente on the Internet at http://www.panoramio.com/photo/8600760

Hannah married George DIXON [evnin' all!] in 1874 and was a beneficiary of her father's will in 1882 under her married name.


24. Philip BURNETT

1841 census: HO107/1258/4, folio 27, p48
Mason Street, Middlesbrough
Philip BURNETT, 25, coal teamer, born Yks
Marydo25, born Yks
Anndo4m,do
/Matthew BRADLEY, 25, bricklayer, born Yks
//
Two of Philip's children, son John and daughter Isabella, were staying with his father-in-law Thomas BRADLEY in Yearby, Kirkleatham at the time of this census. Matthew BRADLEY was Philip's brother-in-law.

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p3 -p4
Kirkleatham Park, Kirkleatham
Philip BURNETT, head, 39, ag. lab. Danby
Mary   do   , wife, 34, Kirkleatham
Elizabeth  do  , dau, 12, scholar, Easington
Ann    do   , dau, 10, scholar, Middlesbrough
Isabella   do   , son, 7,   do           do
Thomas   do   , son, 5, scholar, Kirkleatham
George   do   , son, 2, Kirkleatham
Alice   do   , dau, 6m,    do
//
Eldest son John was recorded working as an agricultural labourer at Park Farm - the neighbouring household.

1861 census: RG9/3653, folio 6, p5
Kirkleatham
Philip BURNETT, head, mar, 48, ag. lab., Danby End
Mary    do   , dau, 9, scholar, Yearby
William  do   , son, 4,dodo
//
Philip recorded as "married" in spite of the fact that his wife Mary died in 1857. However, it is likely that Philip had married again - there was a marriage between Philip BURNETT and Mary DAVISON at Kirkleatham on 4 Dec 1859 but no further details are yet known. If this was this Philip's second marriage, where was second wife Mary at the time of the 1861 census? A Mary BURNETT, 48, unmarried, with her son Thomas Davison BURNETT, 13, born Guisborough, was recorded as an agricultural labourer in the household of another ag. lab. named John HUNTER and his wife Ann in Guisborough [RG9/3655, folio 72, p2]. This was almost certainly Philip BURNETT's second wife, the former Mary DAVISON - but why did she say she was unmarried and why were they living apart?

In 1861 census returns Philip's daughter Alice was recorded as a "pupil" at Kirkleatham Hospital - the renown TURNER Hospital. Son George was living with his aunt Emma, widow of John BURNETT, in Middlesbrough. Daughter Ann was living-in and working as a housemaid for Mrs Eliza MacBEEN and her family at the Old Hall, Kirkleatham.

1871 census: RG10/4846, folio 4, p2
Living with son John and his family in Glaisdale - see notes for son John BURNETT

1881 census: RG11/4838, folio 96, p9
Living in Loftus with son John and his family. Philip gave his birthplace as Moorsholm but he is known to have been born in Danby.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Philip, Dec 1890, Middlesbrough, 9d 382 - age 79


Mary BRADLEY

1841census: Two of Mary's children were recorded living with Thomas and Elizabeth BRADLEY, Mary's parents, at Yearby near Kirkleatham. Mary and husband Philip were living in Middlesbrough at the time of this census.

Mary's father was a blacksmith in Yearby.


94. Elizabeth BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Elizabeth, Jun 1838, Guisborough, 24 317

1841 census: HO107/1255/16, folio 6, p4
With her brother at their grandparent's home in Yearby - see notes for brother John BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p3 -p4
With parents & siblings in Kirkleatham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/63, folio 75, p37
Elizabeth BURNETT, serv, unm, 24, housemaid, York
One of three servants to Major Francis FORESTER, 15th Hussars Retd., in St. James' Place, Westminster. *Possibly* this Elizabeth.


95. Ann BURNETT

1841 census: HO107/1258/4, folio 27, p48
With parents in Middlesbrough - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p3 -p4
With parents & siblings in Kirkleatham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3653, folio 9, p11
Age 20yrs, unmarried, living-in and working as a housemaid at the Old Hall, Kirkleatham for Mrs Eliza McBEEN, widow of Colonel McBEEN, and her family.


96. Isabella BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p3 -p4
With parents & siblings in Kirkleatham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT.


97. Thomas BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p3 -p4
With his parents & siblings at Kirkleatham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1861 census: ?

1871 census: RG10/4880, folio 119. p41
4 Upper Silver Street, Darlington
Thomas BURNETT, 25, unm, railway guard, Yearby Yorks.
George BURNETT, 22, unm, railway engine stoker, Yearby Yorks.
Thomas and his younger brother recorded as "lodgers" in the household of John ARCHBOLD, also a railway worker, and his wife Jane.

No trace of Thomas or his brother George in national index to 1881, 1891 or 1901 census returns.


98. George BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p3 -p4
Living with parents & siblings in Kirkleatham - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3686, folio 12, p17
Living with his aunt Emma BURNETT, widow of his father's brother William, in Middlesbrough - see notes for aunt Emma BURTON
[George's own mother died in 1857 and his father was living with the two youngest children in Kirkleatham at the time of this census]

1871 census: RG10/4880, folio 119. p41
4 Upper Silver Street, Darlington
Thomas BURNETT, 25, unm, railway guard, Yearby Yorks.
George BURNETT, 22, unm, railway engine stoker, Yearby Yorks.
George and his elder brother recorded as "lodgers" in the household of John ARCHBOLD, also a railway worker, and his wife Jane.

No trace of George or his brother Thomas in national index to 1881, 1891 or 1901 census returns.


99. Alice BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2375, folio 198, p4
Living with her parents in Kirkleatham, age 6 months - see notes for father Philip BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3653, folio 8, p9
Aged 10yrs Alice was recorded as a "pupil" at Kirkleatham Hospital, the renown Turner Hospital, at the time of this census. Her widowed father and her two younger siblings were living in Kirkleatham - the mother died in 1857.

When she was old enough, Alice left the family home and obtained a position "in service" at Norton-on-Tees. We will probably never know how she came to meet Alexander ANDERSON but they married in Norton in 1869. Alexander had been born in Scotland but eventually settled in Over-Dinsdale, North Yorkshire, where he was a woodsman.

Alice and Alexander had two children: Alexander Charles ANDERSON born 1870 at Whitburn near Sunderland, County Durham, and Emily ANDERSON born 1873 at Over-Dinsdale.

After just six years of marriage Alice died of "consumption" at the tender age of twenty five and was buried in the same grave as her husband in Girsby churchyard. A certified copy of her death certificate shows that she died at Over-Dinsdale in the County of Yorkshire, aged 25 years on 19 Oct 1875. The death was registered by "Alexander Anderson widower of deceased in attendance Over Dinsdale" on 21 Oct 1875 at Darlington Register office.

The inscription on the headstone in Girsby churchyard reads as follows:
"In Memory of Alexander Anderson Born at Tarland Aberdeenshire Died 29 October 1878 Aged 38 Years Also His Beloved Wife Alice Burnett Died 18th October 1875 Aged 25 Years
Erected By Their Son And Daughter Alexander Charles Anderson Akron, Ohio, U.S.A. And Emily Anderson Grant 1932
The Above Emily Anderson Grant Born At Howhill Over-Dinsdale Died 8th September 1938 Aged 65 Years Interred At Springbank Cemetery Aberdeen
The Above Alexander Charles Anderson Born At Whitburn Westoe Died 25th December 1947 Aged 77 Years Interred At Glendale Cemetery Akron, Ohio, U.S.A."


25. William BURNETT

William married Emma BURTON three weeks before the 1841 census was taken. The census found them in Middlesbrough, which is where all of their five children were born.

1841 census: HO107/1258/4, folio 28, p50
Mason Street, Middlesbrough
William BURNET, 25, Ag. lab. born Yks
Emma    do    , 20, born Yks.
//

Their first child, John, died before his 2nd birthday and their second child, born just a few weeks later, was also named John. The other children were born at intervals of about 2 years until March 1851.

1851 census: HO107/2383, folio 206, p33
Stockton Street, Middlesbrough
William BURNETT, head, 36, rail lab., Skelton
Emma    do    , wife, 36, Whitby
John      do    , son, 7, scholar, Middlesbro
George  do   , son, 5,      do         do
Emma    do   , dau, 1, Middlesbro
Ann       do   , dau, 1m,   do
Ann RIDGERS, visit, 46, unm, late nursemaid, Whitby
//

William died in 1852, which must have been a leap year for he was buried on 29 February. One week after his burial all of his four surviving children were baptised, for a second time, on the same day [7 March 1852], at St. Hilda's parish church in Middlesbrough. The children had each been previously baptised, shortly after their birth, at Middlesbrough Wesleyan Methodist Chapel.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, William, Mar 1852, Stockton, 10a 18


Emma BURTON

Emma had four of her children baptised for a second time in St. Hilda's Anglican church, Middlesbrough. They were baptised as a 'job lot' on the same day, 7 Mar 1852, about a month after their father died - each having previously been baptised shortly after birth at Middlesbrough Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. Why Emma had them baptised again is a matter of conjecture. Perhaps their father had been the 'dissenter' and she felt the need to return to the Anglican fold, or, perhaps more likely, she was 'forced' to have the children baptised as Anglicans in order to qualify for parish relief.

1861 census: RG9/3686, folio 12, p17
42 Wellington St, Middlesbrough
Emma BURNETT, head, wid, 45, laundress, Whitby
Emma        do   , dau, 11, scholar, Middlesbrough
Ann            do   , dau, 10,dodo
George        do  , neph, 13,do Yearby
//
Nephew George was son of Emma's brother-in-law Philip BURNETT.

1871 census: RG10/4897, folio 70, p36
59 Church Street, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough
Emma BURNETT, head, wid, 54, laundress, Whitby
Michael LOWE, lodg, mar, 60, shoemaker, Skelton
George   do   , son, mar, 19, labourer, Middlesbrough
//

Emma married her lodger Michael LOWE in 1878 but within three years was a widow again. She was recorded as such in both 1881 and 1891 census returns living with her married daughter Ann MICKLETHWAITE in Huddersfield....

1881 census: RG11/4383, folio 20, p34
Jim Lane, Huddersfield
George MICKLEWAITTE [sic], head, 37, builder's engine driver, Kirkburton
Ann              do    , wife, 30, Middlesbrough
William         do   , son, 6, scholar, Middlesbrough
George Burnett do   , son, 5, dodo
Emma Ann   do   , dau, 5m, Huddersfield
Emma LOWE, mother/law, wid, 66, formerly laundress, Whitby
//

1891 census: RG12/3573, folio 39, p33
158, Leeds Road, Huddersfield
George MICKLETHWAITE [sic], head, 47, general labourer, Huddersfield
Annd        do    , wife, 40, Middlesbrough
William     do    , son, 16, cloth warehouse boy, Middlesbrough
Emma A.   do   , dau, 10, scholar, Huddersfield
Emma LOWE, mother/law, wid, 77, Whitby
//

Emma's given ages in successive census returns from 1861 to 1891 inclusive added years to her actual age. By 1891 her given age was
three years more than it should have been.

GRO Index of Deaths: LOWE, Emma, Mar 1897, Dewsbury, 9b 398 Age 83.
[The given age at death is consistent with the age given by Emma in 1891 census returns.]


102. John BURNETT

The fact that John was baptised on the same day as he was born suggests that he might not have been expected to live. He did in fact die when he was just two years old. Family legend has it that John was attended by an inebriated doctor who used leeches to 'treat' him and overdid it - causing his death.


104. Mary Ann BURNETT

Mary Ann almost certainly died before 7 Mar 1852 because she was missing when all of her brothers and sisters were baptised, for a second time, on that date, at St. Hilda's Anglican church, Middlesbrough - each having been previously baptised, shortly after their birth, at Middlesbrough Wesleyan Methodist Chapel.


105. George BURNETT

George was baptised twice: on 11 Jul 1847 in Middlesbrough Wesleyan Methodist chapel and again on 7 Mar 1852 in St. Hilda's Anglican church, Middlesbrough - see notes for his mother Emma BURTON.

1851 census: HO107/2383, folio 206, p33
With parents & siblings in Middlesbrough - see notes for father William BURNETT


106. Emma BURNETT

Emma was baptised twice: on 10 Oct 1849 in Middlesbrough Wesleyan Methodist chapel and again on 7 Mar 1852 in St. Hilda's Anglican church, Middlesbrough - see notes for mother Emma BURTON.

1851 census: HO107/2383, folio 206, p33
With parents & siblings in Middlesbrough - see notes for father William BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3686, folio 12, p17
With her widowed mother & siblings in Middlesbrough - see notes for mother Emma BURTON.

1871 census: RG10/4852, folio 51, p2
Saltburn by Sea, Yorkshire
Emma BURNETT, 21, unmarried, born Middlesbrough
Esther LOWE, 21, unmarried, born Middlesbrough
Recorded as domestic servants at the home of attorney & solicitor Luke THOMPSON and his family. Esther LOWE was almost certainly related to the Michael LOWE who was recorded living with Emma BURNETT's widowed mother, also Emma BURNETT, in Middlesbrough at the time of this census [see notes for mother Emma BURTON]

Emma married Harry/Henry CLARK in 1874 in Middlesbrough.

1881 census: RG11/259, folio 35, p17
7 Travers Road, Islington, London
Henry CLARK, head, 32, carpenter, Yapham, Yorkshire
Emma       do   , wife, 31, Middlesbro Yorkshire
Mary        do   , dau, 6, scholar, Middlesbro, Yorkshire
Henry J.    do   , son, 6m, Holloway, Middlesex
//

No record of Emma or her husband or either of their known children has so far been found in 1891 or 1901 census returns.


107. Ann BURNETT

Ann was baptised twice: on 16 Mar 1851 in Middlesbrough Wesleyan Methodist chapel and again on 7 Mar 1852 in St. Hilda's Anglican church, Middlesbrough - see notes for mother Emma BURTON.

1851 census: HO107/2383, folio 206, p33
With parents & siblings in Middlesbrough - see notes for father William BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3686, folio 12, p17
With widowed mother & siblings in Middlesbrough - see notes for mother Emma BURTON

Ann married Adam FRANCIS in 1868 when she was just 17 or 18 yrs old - they appear not to have had any children.

1871 census: RG10/4897, folio 35, p13
15 Lime Street, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough
Adam FRANCIS, head, 25, platelayer in Iron works, Wighton, Norfolk
Anne    do   , wife, 20, Middlesbrough
//
Adam FRANCIS died not long after the census in 1871 [GRO Index of Deaths: FRANCIS, Adam, Sep 1871, Stockton, 10a 37 Age 26]

The widow Ann FRANCIS married George MICKLETHWAITE in 1874. George & Ann MICKLETHWAITE had two children born in Middlesbrough before moving to Huddersfield where further children were born. At the time of both 1881 & 1891 censuses Ann's widowed mother Emma was living with them in Huddersfield - see notes for mother Emma BURTON.

Ann's second husband George MICKLETHWAITE died in 1900
[GRO Index of Deaths: MICKLETHWAITE, George, Mar 1900, Barnsley, 9c 147 Age 56]

1901 census: RG13/4105, folio 129, p21
Anne MICKLETHWAITE, serv, 50, wid, cook [domestic], Middlesbrough
Emma      do     , serv, 20, unm, housemaid, Huddersfield
//
Mother and daughter living-in and working together for schoolmistress Emily KIRRALL in Huddersfield.


27. Robert BURNETT

1841 census: HO107/1255/8, folio 34, p10
Glaisdale
Robert BURNITT, 20, J. cordwainer, born Yks
[one of three cordwainers living with shoemaker James PLEWS and his wife Sophia, two doors away from his future wife Jane HOGART]

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 489, p6
Hawsker
Robert BURNITT, head, 32, master shoemaker, Lofthouse [Loftus]
Jane       do   , wife, 36, Glaisdale
Thomas  do   , son, 10, at home, Glaisdale
John        do   , son, 5, scholar, Hawsker
Ann Elizabeth do   , dtr, 3, do      do
Robert       do   , son, 1, at home, do
Robert KIDD, serv, 16, shoemaker's apprentice, Hawsker
[The apprentice Robert KIDD was Robert BURNETT's nephew]
//

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 67, p7
High Hawsker, Whitby
Robert BURNETT, head, 43, master shoe maker, Lofthouse
Jane        do    , wife, 47, Glazedale [sic]
John        do    , son, 17, shoe maker's app., Hawsker
Ann Eliz. do    , dau, 13, Hawsker
Robert     do   , son, 11, scholar, Hawsker
Hannah    do    , dau, 9,     do         do
Mary Jane do   , dau, 7,     do         do
Eliza         do    , dau, 5,      do         do
Ann HOGARTH, bord, 79, wid, Egton*--- Robert's mother-in-law
//
Robert was living in one of two adjoining cottages bought by his brother George Burnett, who built a wind corn mill on the land beside the property.

1870: Robert's daughter Ann Elizabeth gave birth to an illegitimate son named John Thomas BURNETT.  Ann Elizabeth was living with her father at "Ewe Cote", Ruswarp at the time. She married James ELDERS two months later.

1871 census: RG10/4848, folio 103, p9-10
Ewe Cote Farm, Ruswarp
Robert BURNETT, head, 52, farmer 28 acres land, Lofthouse
Jane         do    , wife, 58, Glaisdale
John          do   , son, 27, Whitby
William HUTCHINSON, son/law, 25, ag. lab., Sleights
Mary J.     do    , dtr/law [sic], Whitby***
Eliza BURNETT, dtr, unm, 16, Whitby
//
*** though described as his daughter-in-law there is no doubt that Mary J. HUTCHINSON was Robert BURNETT's daughter Mary Jane, baptised 6 Nov 1853 at Whitby (St. Mary's).

1881 census: RG11/4835, folio 45, p34
The Hall Farm, Ruswarp
Robert BURNETT, head, 62, farmer 70 acres, Lofthouse [Loftus]
Elizabeth   do    , wife, 46, Thorpe
John Thomas do   , grson, 11, scholar, Newholm cum Dunsley
Thomas    do    , son, 3, Newholm cum Dunsley
John WILLISON serv, 40, mar, farm servant, Westerdale
Edward SELLARSserv, 19, unm, farm servant, Staintondale
Mary HORSCROFTserv, 16, general domestic servant, Carlisle, Cumberland
//
Robert's wife Elizabeth was the former Elizabeth SELLARS, nee BROWN. Edward SELLARS in the 1881 census return above was possibly Elizabeth's son from her first marriage.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Robert, Dec 1881, Whitby, 9d 317, age 63,


Jane HOGGART

Jane's surname was written HOGGART on her marriage certificate and her father was named as Peter HOGGART.

Danby parish register has the following marriage in 1805:
Peter Hoggarth and Ann Harrison both of this par., by Banns Feb. 18 by Jos. Duck Witns., Fras. Harrison, Geo. Hoggarth.

Jane lived in Newholm in 1842, when she married Robert BURNETT, but she was born in Glaisdale according to census returns. Robert was working in Glaisdale at the time of the 1841 census, two dwellings away from where Jane was working. Jane already had a 5 month old son, Thomas HOGART, who was living with her parents at this time. In later census returns Thomas is named BURNETT and is listed as Robert's son. It can only be assumed that he was.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Jane, Dec 1875, Whitby, 9d 311, age 60


108. Thomas HOGGART\BURNETT

Thomas HOGGART, illegitimate son of Jane HOGGART, was baptised at Glaisdale on 31 Aug 1840. His father's name was not given in the entry in Glaisdale parish register.

1841 census: Thomas HOGART age 5mths was living with Peter and Ann HOGART in Glaisdale [his grandparents]

At the time of the 1841 census a shoemaker named Robert BURNETT was living in Glaisdale two doors away from Thomas' mother Jane.

1842: Jane HOGGART, Thomas' mother, married Robert BURNETT in St. Mary's parish church, Whitby

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 489, p6
Thomas was recorded as the son of Robert BURNETT and wife Jane and was living with them in Hawsker - see notes for supposed father Robert BURNETT.

No record of Thomas has been found after 1851


112. Robert BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Robert, Dec 1849, Whitby, 24 584

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 489, p6
With parents and siblings in Hawsker - see notes for father Robert BURNETT
//

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 67, p7
With parents and siblings in Hawsker - see notes for father Robert BURNETT
//

No record of Robert has been found after 1861 until a second marriage for him in 1913:
Robert BURNETT age 63, widower, gardener of "Sneaton Castle Lodge", son of Robert BURNETT (dec), dairyman, married Ruth JONES age 64, widow of Harrogate, daughter of George POWERS (dec), tailor, at St Hilda's parish church, Whitby, on 13 Oct 1913.


114. Mary Jane BURNETT

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 67, p7
With her parents & siblings in Hawsker - see notes for father Robert BURNETT.
//

1871 census: RG10/4848, folio 103, p9-10
Newly married Mary Jane and her husband William HUTCHINSON were living with Mary's father at Ewe Cote Farm, Ruswarp - see notes for father Robert BURNETT.
//


Elizabeth (BROWN) SELLARS

Elizabeth was a widow when she married Robert BURNETT - himself a widower.
Elizabeth's maiden surname was BROWN.


29. George BURNETT

George was born at Loftus in Cleveland in 1824, the youngest of nine children of his parents John and Ann BURNETT. He would have remembered little of his natural mother - she died when he was only 3yrs old. With nine children to look after his father married again and moved his family from Loftus to Staithes, which was his second wife's home town. George grew up in Staithes being looked after by his father and step-mother and saw two half-brothers and five half-sisters added to the family. George may have attended school in Staithes, in later life he was considered to have been fairly well educated, and he began his working life at Dale House Mill, a water-mill at the top of the hill out of Staithes. His father, a baker by trade, probably bought his flour from Dale House Mill and may well have got George his first job by putting in a good word with the miller, Mr. George MOON.

1841 census: HO107/1255/14, folio 49, p10
Mill House, Dale House Mill, Hinderwell
George MOON, 45, miller, born Yks.
/Ann PRESSWICK, 15, do
Elizabeth NELSON, 8,do
plus seven 'servants' including:
George BURNETT, 16, M[ale].S[ervant]., born Yks.
//

George may later have worked at Rigg Mill, another water-mill which was situated in woods between Hawsker and Sneaton. According to a letter written in 1941 by Harry BURNETT to his nephew Percy BURNETT, in which Harry reminisces about his grandfather George BURNETT, it was while carting flour from Rigg Mill to Sneaton that George met his future wife Mary SMITH. Mary was, in modern parlance, a 'single mum' - she had an illegitimate son named William who was born in 1841. George married Mary SMITH at St. Mary's parish church, Whitby in 1846. Their marriage certificate shows that they were both living in Stainsacre at the time - they were probably already living together as Mary was pregnant with their first child, son Christopher, who was baptised just six months after they married. However, it is very unlikely that George was the father of Mary's illegitimate son - he was only 16yrs old when William SMITH was born and his 'home' area of Staithes was some distance from Mary's home in Ugglebarnby. Nevertheless, George apparently adopted William as his own - as witnessed by 1851 census returns.

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 548, p22
Clarence Place, Ruswarp**
George BURNETT, head, 27, journeyman miller, born Lofthouse [Loftus]
Mary           do    , wife, 31, born Fylingdales
William         do    , son, 10, scholar, Ugglebarnby
Christopher  do    , son, 4, Stainsacre
John            do    , son, 2,    do
Jane Ann      do    , dau, 1, Whitby
//

Although in the parish of **Ruswarp, Clarence Place was actually on the West Cliff, Whitby at the Cliff end of Skinner Street. It was within walking distance of the Union Mill at Flowergate Cross where George was reputed to have "had charge of milling operations" at about this time. There is no evidence to confirm that George was ever the *managing miller* at the Union Mill, however, he did come close. A minute book for meetings of the Committee of the Whitby Union Mill Society has survived and shows that at a meeting on Tuesday 19th March 1850 the committee considered twenty three applications for the vacant position of managing miller and drew up a short-list of six names - George BURNETT was one of them. The minutes of a committee meeting on Wednesday 27th March 1850 show that William FALLOWFIELD of Beverley was the eventual successful candidate with Robert HENDERSON of Stainsacre the 'runner-up'. Whether the managing miller had a foreman miller as his second in command and Mr. FALLOWFIELD promoted George to that role is unknown. Unfortunately the surviving minute book ends with the final meeting of 1852 and no other minute book is known to exist, so it is impossible to know for sure. It is also possible that Mr FALLOWFIELD moved on and that George was appointed as his replacement but unlikely. In the 'Uncle Harry Letter' it was about this time that George moved to the lower end of Church Street in Whitby and worked at a mill in Pickering - "walking from Pickering to Whitby on the Saturday and doing the return journey on Sunday night".

By 1853 George was the tenant miller at Stakesby Mill in Bagdale, Whitby. His wife Mary presented him with the first of three, consecutive sets of twins on 3 Sept 1853 and their birth certificates show that they were born at Stakesby. The second and third set of twins and the last of George's eleven children were also born in the mill house at Stakesby Mill. The previous tenant at Stakesby Mill had been George WREN and the mill was known as Wren's Mill until George took over. The book "The Old Seaport of Whitby" by Robert Tate GASKIN includes an illustration of Wren's Mill from a painting in 1842 by George WETHERILL [facing page 229]. The painting shows a building which may have been the mill house - it was not very large and, if it was the mill house, life must have been 'cramped', to say the least, for George and his family. [It is interesting to note that 1851 census returns show George WREN as a baker in Church Street, Whitby and the mill house at Bagdale occupied by a young shoemaker named William ALLAN and his wife. Perhaps the mill had been 'idle' for a couple of years before George BURNETT moved in, or perhaps Mr. WREN still worked the mill but sub-let the mill house?]

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 7, p8
Factory Fields, Ruswarp
George BURNETT, head, 37, miller & farmer of 4 acres, Loftus
Mary           do    , wife, 40, Fylingdales
Christopher  do    , son, 14, miller, Hawsker
John             do    , son, 13, Hawsker
George         do    , son, 9, Ruswarp
Hannah        do    , dau, 7,   do
Robert         do    , son, 7,   do
Thomas        do    , son, 5,  do
Jane Ann      do    , dau, 5,  do
James           do    , dau, 3,  do
Joseph          do    , son, 6m, do
//
[George and his family on 7 Apr 1861, living in the mill house at Stakesby Mill, Bagdale - but George had already planned his next move.]

The North Riding of Yorkshire Register of Deeds at Northallerton contains a deed dated 13 April 1861 by which the churchwarden and overseers of the poor for the township of Hawsker cum Stainsacre sold two cottages with gardens attached in Green Gate, Hawsker to George BURNETT for the sum of £34. One of the cottages was occupied by George's brother Robert BURNETT. On the same day in the local newspaper, the "Whitby Gazette", the following notice appeared:
"To Builder Joiners etc. Persons willing to contract for the erection of the tower for a windmill and of a dwelling house at Hawsker may see the plans and specifications by applying to Mr. Burnett at Bagdale Mill, to whom tenders must be sent not later than the 24th instant.
No promise to accept the lowest or any tender. Whitby April 12th 1861"
[According to the 'Uncle Harry letter' a builder named GLADSTONE from Whitby won the contract.]

The tower of Hawsker Mill was 60ft tall and would have been a very ambitious, not to say expensive, undertaking. It is therefore not surprising that with his new house and windmill built George then raised a mortgage on the property. The Register of Deeds contains a mortgage agreement dated 24 Jan 1863 between George BURNETT and Richard PARKINSON of Thorpe, Fyligdales concerning "two cottages ... with the garden with the newly erected messuage dwelling house wind corn mill outhouses ... and premises lately erected and built by the said George Burnett on some part of the said garden situate in Green Gate ... Hawsker cum Stainsacre". The amount of the mortgage is not given.

On 20 Apr 1868 an interesting deed was entered in the Register of Deeds. The deed concerned the conveyance of two adjoining plots of land in Hawsker; one containing 5 acres 3 roods and 16 perches, the other 5 roods and 6 perches including a lane over which there was a legal right of way. Four "parties" were involved in the conveyance of the land to a fifth party named George PORRIT. George BURNETT was one of the four parties but what is most interesting is that the deed describes him as follows: "George Burnett of Hawsker, miller (who has been married since the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty four)". In 1834 George would have been just 10yrs old and hardly likely to have been involved in the original purchase of this land - so what is the significance of the date and the fact that George was now married? Further investigation of the Deeds Register for 1834 might provide the answer. Many years later this deed was "endorsed" by further deeds which make it clear that three of the parties involved in the deed of 1868 had in fact conveyed the land to George BURNETT, who had mortgaged it in the sum of £300 to George PORRIT. So, George BURNETT had become a land owner in 1868 but later that year he was to have other things on his mind.

"Whitby Times" newspaper, 4 Sep 1868:
"On Tuesday last Hawsker Mill was completely destroyed by fire. The mill was a solid structure, built of brick only a few years ago, and was carried on by Mr. George Burnett, the owner, who resided in the adjoining house" The report goes on to say that, "The damage is estimated at £1000. The owner's loss by the destruction of his mill and buildings is covered by an insurance in the Yorkshire Office, but his stock-in-trade , we hear, is only partially insured. We understand the adjoining house was not insured." [The house was not damaged]
The fire was also reported in the "Yorkshire Gazette" dated 19 Sep 1868.

Just how much George received as a result of his insurance claim is not known but it was enough for George to rebuild the mill and have it refitted with double shuttered sails, an ogee cap and tall fantail stage and resume trading. Then, in 1870, George raised a second mortgage on his property at Hawsker. The mortgage is recorded in the Register of Deeds in a deed dated 14 May 1870 between George BURNETT of Hawsker and John CRAVEN of Littlebeck. Fortunately John CRAVEN's account books have survived and they show that George secured a loan of £400 on his property and paid interest only, at a fixed rate of 5% per annum - he paid £10 half-yearly. It is likely that this second mortgage, together with the insurance pay-out, was enough to pay off George's first mortgage with Richard PARKINSON.

A list of land owners in the North Riding of Yorkshire in 1871 includes:
BURNETT, George, Hawsker,6 acres 1 rood 31 perches, [rateable] value £32.13s.0d
The census taken during that year shows George with 11 acres of land but he may not have owned it all - some of his land may have been rented.

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 88, p4
Hawsker Mill, Hawsker
George BURNETT, head, 47, miller & farmer of 11 acres, Lofthouse
Mary          do    , wife, 50, Fylingdales
Jane Ann    do    , dau,14, domestic, Ruswarp
James         do    , son, 13, miller,         do
Joseph         do    , son, 10, scholar,     do
//

A list of land owners in the North Riding of Yorkshire in 1873 again included George BURNETT of Hawsker with no changes since 1871. He was also listed in various trade directories as a miller at Hawsker but for three decades, the 1870's, 1880's and 1890's, George simply went about his business as a corn miller without hitting the headlines or troubling the record books. Census returns are the only other record of George during this period.

1881 census: RG11/4836, folio 25, p9
Green Gate, Hawsker cum Stainsacre
George BURNETT, head, 58, miller (corn), Lofthouse
Mary              do    , wife, 60, Goathland **---------------------- [the one and only time that Mary did not give her birthplace as Fylingdales]
//

1891 census: RG12/3995, folio 130, p1
Low Hawsker
George BURNETT, head, 68, miller & farmer, Loftus
Mary            do    , wife, 71, Fylingdales
Thomas        do    , neph, 13, servant ag[ricultural]., Ruswarp ------ [Thomas was the son of George's older brother Robert BURNETT]
//

George continued to work until 1897 when he finally decided to retire. What prompted his decision we will never know but he was by then 73yrs old and his wife Mary was 77yrs old. The Deeds Register contains a deed dated 3 Apr 1897 which was a conveyance between George BURNETT, John CRAVEN and John WILSON by which George agreed to sell his mill, with all the milling gear, machinery and fixtures, and his house and outbuildings, to John WILSON for £50 (subject to the mortgage of £400 with interest which George had on the property). John CRAVEN agreed to release George from the conditions of the mortgage and John WILSON agreed to take on the payment of £400 with interest at 5% per annum. In effect John WILSON, if he was ever to become the outright owner of Hawsker Mill, would have to pay off the £400 mortgage plus interest but initially he only had to find £50 to pay to George.

Having sold the mill George now turned his attention to the land and farming stock he owned at Hawsker. The "Whitby Gazette" of 16 Apr 1897 carried a notice on behalf of Mr. Burnett of the Mill, Hawsker, "to sell by auction on Wednesday April 21st the whole of his valuable farming stock, implements, dairy utensils and other effects" The notice then listed everything which was being sold; from 12 head of cattle and a horse, to a brass tap. Since 1868 George had had a mortgage of £300 on his land at Hawsker with George PORRIT, but a deed dated 24 May 1897 between George PORRIT and George BURNETT, registered on 31 May 1897, witnessed that all the principal money and interest had been paid. Freed and discharged of all conditions the deed therefore conveyed the land to George BURNETT and his heirs for ever. It is possible that, unlike the mortgage he had on the mill, where he paid interest only, George had been paying off his mortgage with George PORRIT in the traditional way; gradually paying off the principal sum as well as the interest. Perhaps it was the fact that this mortgage was coming to an end which prompted George to retire. Certainly the £50 he made from the sale of the mill plus whatever he made from the sale of his farming stock-in-trade was enough to make the final payment on the mortgage, with enough left to buy himself a new home. On 20 Jun 1898 at an auction in the Crown Hotel, Whitby George purchased the property known as No.15 Church Street, Whitby for £205. This was a very substantial property which was actually divided into four parts, being No's.13, 14 and 15 Church Street, which were occupied by sitting tenants at the time of purchase, and a warehouse/store. The deed which conveyed the property to George, dated 9 Sep 1898, also shows that he, as the owner, enjoyed a right of way over the way known as Saltpanwell Steps leading from Church Street to Boulby Bank and had right of use of the well known as Saltpan Well and the pump connected to it. George was responsible for 25% of the cost of upkeep of Saltpanwell Steps but the costs of repairing and maintaining the well and pump was shared between premises that had access to it.

Looking at the dates involved, an intriguing point is raised. George did not become the owner of 15 Church Street until the deed of conveyance was registered on 10 Sep 1898. The sale of Hawsker Mill and the adjoining house was registered 8 Apr 1897. George still owned the land at Hawsker but had sold all his farming stock-in-trade so could not have been farming himself. And yet, on 29 Sep 1898, two weeks after completion of the purchase of 15 Church Street, a deed between George BURNETT of the township of *Hawsker cum Stainsacre*, former miller but now retired, and William HARDING of Keighly was drawn up. This deed conveyed George's land at Hawsker to William HARDING for £520 but it begs he question - if George was still at Hawsker at the end of September 1898 just where was he living?

George was obviously an accomplished business man and the sale of his mill and land had left him comfortably off in his retirement but it was tinged with sadness, for within 12 months his wife Mary died. She died of a cerebral hemorrhage at their new home in Church Street, Whitby on 18 Jun 1899. Her death was registered by her daughter-in-law Eliza BURNETT, wife of eldest son Christopher. Mary was buried in Larpool Cemetery on 21 Jun 1899.

1901 census: RG13/4559, folio 73, p16
14 Church Street, Whitby
George BURNETT, head, 79, widower, retired miller, own account, Lofthouse in Cleveland
[Living alone in one of the three dwellings which comprised his property in Church Street. George obviously rented out Nos 13 & 15]
//

As well as his wife Mary, George outlived at least six of his children. Two daughters died as infants, daughter Jane Ann died in 1876 at the age of 20yrs, son James died in 1888 aged 30yrs, son Thomas died in 1904 aged 48yrs and son George died in 1907 aged 56yrs. What happened to his son John after 1861 is not known and he may also have died before his father [last record of John was in 1861 census returns when he was 13yrs old]. George was obviously a healthy individual. The 'Uncle Harry Letter' tells of him walking to Newcastle on Tyne for a holiday as a young man and when one of the mill wands broke at Hawsker he walked to Scarborough and bought a mast from a wrecked sailing ship and made a new mill wand himself. He was also an active member of the community when he was at Hawsker Mill. Harry recounts in his letter that George "took part in Chapel affairs and before they got a harmonium he had to pitch the tune and time long meter, short meter and common meter and the service could not start until miller Bonnett turned up" and "when Whitby lifeboat was taken overland to R H Bay [Robin Hood's Bay] he was there with his horse or horses". George must have been a popular man for Harry also tells that "at Christmas time he used to go round amongst his customers and give them a good helping of 'frumetty' wheat" - this was an old-fashioned dish consisting of hulled wheat boiled in milk and flavoured with cinnamon and sugar. According to Uncle Harry, George was also the last parish constable at Hawsker before the regular police took over. Until well into the nineteenth century the officers of the Church of England parishes were to all intents and purposes the 'local government' - parish constable had been a very important role. Harry recalls in his letter that George "still had the staff and handcuffs when he gave up being a miller".

After his wife's death George lived alone for all but the last six weeks or so of his life, and fended for himself with typical 'efficiency'. Harry also recalls that "when anyone went to see him at Christmas time it was as well to go hungry for he insisted upon you having a huge hunk of gingerbread, cheese and spice loaf". Harry visited his grandfather just a few hours before he died and according to his letter the last words George spoke to him were "Herry (he used to call me by that name) I have had a good innings". At 92 years of age that was certainly true.

George died in his home at no.14 Church Street, Whitby on 28 Dec 1915. His death was registered by his granddaughter E. BEADNELL [obviously the married daughter of one of George's surviving children but which one?]. An obituary for George in the 'Whitby Gazette' of 31 December 1915, stated "By the death of Mr. George Burnett at the age of ninety-two this week Whitby loses one who was at one time a very useful and active member of the community. More than sixty years ago he had charge of milling operations at the Union Mill which occupied the site of the present Artillery headquarters. Later Mr. Burnett had the old mill at Hawsker" and in the same newspaper, in the 'hatch, match and dispatch' columns his death announcement appeared - "December 28th at 14 Church Street Whitby, aged 92 years. George Burnett, formerly of Hawsker Mill. Was interred at Whitby Cemetery, Thursday December 30th."  The newspaper obviously got the information about George from a member of his family - hence the family legend of him being in charge of milling at the Union Mill was perpetuated.

George was buried in the same grave in which his wife Mary had been buried 15yrs before him. The burial is recorded in the register of Larpool Cemetery, Whitby in grave 8519, "unconsecrated" ground. The fact that George was buried in unconsecrated ground reflects the fact that he was a Methodist [Roman Catholics and other "non-conformists" were also buried in so-called unconsecrated ground]. There is a headstone on the grave which also remembers daughter Jane Ann and son James as well as two infant children who were buried in St. Mary's churchyard.

George left a will, dated 15 Oct 1914, which appointed his sons Robert BURNETT and Joseph BURNETT as joint executors and trustees. The main beneficiaries of the will were, somewhat surprisingly, his *youngest* son Joseph BURNETT and his granddaughter Lily CRANER, daughter of his only surviving daughter Hannah. Other beneficiaries were eldest son Christopher BURNETT granddaughter Rose BOYES, grandson William George BURNETT, son of the deceased Thomas BURNETT, and Martha BURNETT, Mary BURNETT and Lucy KENT the wife and daughters respectively of youngest son Joseph BURNETT. Son Robert, one of the executors, apparently received nothing but may well have received his 'share' before his father made the will. The family of deceased son George are known to have emigrated to America in 1908, which is probably why he was not mentioned in the will. The only other child not mentioned was son John BURNETT; which suggests that he was either already dead or had also emigrated before 1914.

National Probate Index:
George Burnett of Whitby died 28 Dec 1915. Probate granted at York 28 Jan 1916 to Robert Burnett, gardener and Joseph Burnett, rigger. Effects £383.17.7
[The 'value' placed on George's will applied only to his personal effects - it did not include the value of any real estate, ie. property].


Mary SMITH

The ages Mary gave in census returns 1841 - 1891 were all consistent with a birthdate in 1820. Her birthplace was consistently given as Fylingdales, except for one occasion (1881) when it was given as Goathland. Some of her brothers & sisters were baptised in Goathland but Mary's baptism has not been found at either Fylingdales or Goathland. Her parents, Christopher SMITH and his wife Jane, nee HARLAND, did not marry until 1820, at Egton, and it is highly likely that Mary was illegitimate. Her baptism, if there was one, may therefore have been recorded with the name HARLAND.

Mary died 15yrs before her husband George:
Eighteenth June 1899 Church Street Whitby UD, Mary Burdett [sic], female, 80 years, wife of George Burdett [sic] a retired miller, cerebral haemorrage 3 days certified by J. Wilson MRCS.
Death reported by E. BURNETT daughter-in-law Church Street Whitby.
[Copy death certificate]

Death notice in "Whitby Gazette":
Burnett, Mary - 18 Jun 1899, aged 80 - at 14 Church Street [Whitby].

Mary and George are buried in the same grave, together with two of their children. The headstone marking the grave also remembers two infants who were buried in St. Mary's churchyard.


118. William SMITH\BURNETT

Birth registered with name William SMITH, mother Mary SMITH, father not named. The 'informant' who registered William's birth was Christopher SMITH, occupier, Ugglebarnby. His relationship to William was not given but he was without doubt the boy's grandfather, father of Mary SMITH. [Copy birth certifcate]

The entry for William's baptism, in the parish register for the chapelry of Ugglebarnby in the parish of Eskdaleside, identifies him as the illegitimate son of Mary SMITH, spinster; again the father was not named.

1841 census: HO107/1265/12, folio 5, p4
3 month old William was with his mother Mary SMITH at the home of her parents Christopher & Jane SMITH in Ugglebarnby.

William's mother Mary SMITH married George BURNETT in 1846. They both gave their residence as Stainsacre for the marriage certificate - quite possibly already living together as Mary was already pregnant with their first child.

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 548, p22
William was recorded as the "son" of George BURNETT and was living with George and his family in Whitby. It is however doubtful that William was George BURNETT's natural son - George was only 16yrs old at the time of William's birth in 1841 and was working at Dale House Mill near Staithes.

No record of William has been found after 1851.


120. John BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, John, Jun 1848, Whitby, xxiv 621

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 548, p22
With his parents & siblings in Whitby - see notes for father George BURNETT.

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 7, p8
With his parents & siblings at Stakesby Mill - see notes for father George BURNETT.

No record of John after 1861 census returns.

GRO Index of Deaths has two possible entries:
BURNETT, John, Mar 1863, Whitby, 9d  315
BURNETT, John, Jun 1864, Whitby, 9d  292


121. Jane Ann BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Jane Ann, Jun 1850, Whitby, xxiv 625

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 548, p22
With her parents & siblings in Whitby - see notes for father George BURNETT

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Jane Ann, Jun 1851, Whitby, xxiv 392

Burial entry in Whitby (St. Mary's) parish register gives residence as Skinner St., Whitby and age 1yr.

Jane Ann was one of two unnamed children who died as infants remembered in the memorial inscription on the headstone marking the grave of her parents in Larpool Cemetery, Whitby. [See notes for father George BURNET


123. Robert BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Robert, Sep 1853, Whitby, 9d 348

Twin brother of Hannah

Whitby, 1853, Birth Certificate No.128
Third September 1853, 3.45 pm, Factory Fields Whitby, Township of Ruswarp, Robert (a twin), boy, father George Burnett, miller, mother Mary Burnett formerly Smith, [informant] George Burnett, father, Factory Fields Whitby.

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 7, p8
With parents & siblings at Stakesby Mill - see notes for father George BURNETT.
//

1871 census: RG10/4849, folio 110, p23
Russell Hall, Hawsker cum Stainsacre
Robert BARKER, head, 41, farm servant, Middleton
Jane         do    , wife, 28, Thornton
- three children under 7yrs and four 'servants' including -
Robert BURNETT, serv, 17, unm, farm servant, Whitby
//

1881 census: RG11/4836, folio 43, p22
Stainsacre
Robert BURNETT, head, 26, farm labourer, Stakesby
Kate         do    , wife, 23, Thornton
//
The newly married Robert living close to his parents, who were at Hawsker Mill. Robert and his wife Kate were destined not to have any children.

1891 census: RG12/3900, folio 147, p18
Lodge [near the Vicarage], Warter
Robert BURNETT, head, 37, farm servant, Ruswarp
Kate         do    , wife, 34, dairy maid, Thornton le Dale
//

1901 census: RG13/4453, folio 92, p17
Warter [dwelling next to "The Grange", two from Vicarage]
Robert BURNETT, head, 47, cowman on estate, Whitby
Kate       do    , wife, 43, Thornton le Dale
//
Robert was probably working on the estate owned by the PENNINGTON family at Warter and may have been with the same estate since moving to Warter sometime between 1881 and 1891.

1904: Robert was still living at Warter. His younger brother Thomas died while staying there after the sudden death of his own wife Emma.

1915: Robert was joint executor of his father George's will, together with his younger brother Joseph. He was not, however, a major beneficiary of the will. Robert would have been 62yrs old at that time and was described as a "gardener" in the document granting probate to himself and Joseph.

Family legend has it that 'uncle Bob' [as he was know by Albert BURNETT, grandfather of the author of these notes] lived at Robin Hood's Bay for the last few years of his life.


124. Hannah BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Hannah, Sep 1853, Whitby, 9d 348

Twin sister of Robert

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 7, p8
With her parents & siblings at Stakesby Mill - see notes for father George BURNETT.

1871 census: RG10/4848, folio 27, p7
2 Golden Lion Bank, Whitby[This was off Flowergate]
George M CHAPMAN, head, 40, unm, jet ornament dealer, Whitby
George          do , father, 70, widr, former ironmonger,  Whitby
Eliza               do , sister, 42, unm, dressmaker, Whitby
Hannah BURNETT , serv, 17, general servant,     do
//
Hannah BURNETT was definitely the one born in 1853 at Stakesby Mill - the daughter of George & Mary BURNETT. The given age is correct and though Stakesby Mill was in the *parish* of Ruswarp it was actually situated at Bagdale in Whitby - so the birthplace also fits.

1881 census: RG11/4834, folio 50, p12
Printer's shop behind 45 Flowergate, Whitby
George M. CHAPMAN, head, 50, unm, jet ornament manufacturer, Whitby
Eliza            do , sister, 52, unm, dressmaker, Whitby
Hannah BURNETT , serv, 26, unm, general servant, Whitby
//
The same Hannah BURNETT still working for the CHAPMANs - who probably lived above the printer's shop

Hannah married Thomas John CRANER at Whitby in 1882

1891 census: RG12/3994, folio 108, p17
Walds Yard**, Whitby     ** one of several yards with entrances off Baxtergate
Hannah CRANER, head, 36, mar, stonemason's wife, Whitby
Eliza C.    do    , dau, 8, scholar, Whitby
Henry       do   , son, 6, scholar, Leeds
Rosa         do   , dau, 3, Leeds
Lily           do   , dau, 3,  Leeds  
Robert       do   , son, 1, Lightcliffe
//
Rosa and Lily were presumably twins. They were both beneficiaries of their grandfather George BURNETT's will in 1915 (see note below). Hannah's husband Thomas was working away from home and was recorded as a "lodger" with widow Mary HOGGART and her granddaughter Gertrude HUDSON at an address in High Street, Helmsley [RG12/3985, folio 10, p14]

1901 census: RG13/4559, folio 95, p25
Walds Yard, Whitby
Hannah CRANER, head, 45, wid, laundress, Whitby
Harry           do    , son, 16, grocer's apprentice, Leeds [*]
Rosa             do   , dau, 13, milliner's errand girl, Leeds
Lily               do   , dau, 13, Leeds
Robert           do   , son, 11, Lightcliff
//
[*] perhaps young Harry was working with his uncle Thomas BURNETT who was the manager at Edwards grocery store in Church Street., Whitby

Hannah died in 1906.
GRO Index of Deaths: CRANER, Hannah, Dec 1906, Whitby, 9d 318  Age 53.

George BURNETT, retired miller, died in 1915 and left a will which named granddaughter Lilly CRANER as one of several beneficiaries, another beneficiary was granddaughter Rose BOYES - without doubt the twin daughters of George BURNETT's daughter Hannah.


127. James BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, James, Jun 1858, Whitby, 9d 399

Twin brother of Mary Ann.

James & his twin sister Mary Ann BURNETT were born in the Mill House at Stakesby Mill, Bagdale, Ruswarp - the third successive set of twins for parents George & Mary BURNETT.

Possibly the James BURNETT, age 22yrs, born England, who was working as a warehouseman and living as a boarder with Alexander PYPER at 117 John Knox St., Glasgow at the time of the 1881 census. No other James BURNETT of the right age has been found in the National Index to the 1881 Census.

At the time of his death at the age of 30yrs, in 1888, James was unmarried and living at "Fairfield" Stainsacre - the home of his elder brother Christopher.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, James, Dec 1888, Whitby, 9d 290, age 30


128. Mary Ann BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, Mary Ann, Jun 1858, Whitby, 9d 399

Twin sister of James.

Mary Ann and her twin brother James BURNETT were born in the Mill House at Stakesby Mill, Bagdale, Ruswarp where their father was the tenant miller. Her baptism has not been found but her burial was recorded in St. Mary's parish register on 20 Mar 1859. The burial entry indicates that Mary Ann was 11 months old when she died. and gives residence as Bagdale.

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Mary Ann, Mar 1859, Whitby, 9d 276

Mary Ann was one of two unnamed children who died as infants remembered in the memorial inscription on the headstone marking the grave of her parents in Larpool Cemetery, Whitby. [See notes for father George BURNET


39. John BURNETT

1841 census: HO107/1265/11, folio 30, p18
Bagdale, Ruswarp [Whitby]
John BURNETT, 25, was recorded working as a 'man-servant' to Catherine FRANKLAND, a widow of independent means, and her son William, a banker.
//

1851 census: HO107/
Walker Street, Ruswarp [Whitby]
John still working for Catherine FRANKLAND, her son William still living with her but now married with four children and working as a "Spirit merchant".
//

John was married at St. Mary's parish church, Whitby, in 1855. His father-in-law was described as "a brewer" in the marriage register.

1861 census: RG9/3647, folio 150, p5
Baxtergate, Whitby
John BURNETT, head, 47, boots [sic], Egton
Mary    do    ,wife, 43, Whitby
//
John is known to have worked as 'boots' at the "Angel Hotel" in Whitby for many years - 'boots' being short for bootboy, the person responsible for cleaning the guests' boots and shoes [See obituary below].

1871 census: RG10/4847, folio 130, p21
3 Weighills Yard, Whitby[Incorrectly indexed under surname BURWELL]
John BURNETT, head, 57, Boots at Angel Hotel, Egton
Mary     do    , wife, 44, Whitby
William   do   , son, 9, Whitby
//

1881 census: RG11/4833, folio 58, p25
Grape Lane, Whitby
John BURNETT, head, 67, publican, Egton
Mary       do   , wife, 54, Egton
William Geo. do   , son, 19, unm, seaman [merchant service], Egton
//

1891 census: RG12/3995, folio 56, p12.
Broad Ings Farm, Ruswarp
John BURNETT, brother, widower, age 77, living on own means, born Egton - living with farmer William BURNETT and his family.
//

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, John, Mar 1895, Whitby, 9d 327 Age 82

Monumental inscription, Whitby Cemetery:
"In Loving Memory of MARY the beloved wife of JOHN BURNETT, who died November 21st 1882, aged 56 years. Also of WILLIAM GEORGE, son of the above, Chief Officer of S.S. Wykenham, lost with all hands March 30th 1883 aged 21 years. Also the above JOHN BURNETT, who died January 26th 1895 aged 81 years."

Newspaper Obituary - 'Whitby Gazette', 1 Feb 1895
"DEATH OF AN OLD STANDARD"
"Our obituary notices include the name of Mr. John Burnett, who died at Newholm on Saturday last, at the age of 82 years. The deceased was for many years "boots" at the Angel Hotel, and as such was a noteworthy individual much esteemed by commercials whose confidence he possessed. .... When he left the Angel somewhere in the seventies he became the tenant of the Raffled Anchor, Grape Lane, and was also the owner of a small vessel trading between Whitby and the northern ports. He was quite a character in his way, and withal one of the most amiable and obliging of men, whose hearty good humour was appreciated...."


130. William George BURNETT

GRO Index of Births: BURNETT, William George, Mar 1862, Whitby, 9d 373

1871 census: RG10/4847, folio 130, p21
With his parents in Whitby - see notes for father John BURNETT

1881 census: RG11/4833, folio 58, p25
With his parents in Grape Lane, Whitby - see notes for father John BURNETT.

A monumental inscription in Whitby Cemetery gives the information that William George, as Chief Officer of the S.S. "Wykeham" was lost at sea on 30th Mar 1883. There is no indication as to where in the world his ship was at the time.

Extract from "Dictionary of Disasters at Sea 1824 - 1962" by Charles Hocking, FLA. [http://perso.wanadoo.fr/cdasm.56/dico.htm]
WYKEHAM
"The steamship Wykeham left Cardiff on March 25th, 1883, for Port Said. At some time prior to April 8th she foundered in a severe gale, probably in the neighbourhood of the River Tagus, with the loss of all on board"
The entry also gives the information that Wykeham was built in 1882 by Robinson & Rowland for T. Turnbull & Son [Whitby ship owners]


42. William BURNETT

William was born in 1821 at Cote Bank, Egton, where his father William BURNETT Snr. was farming.

1841 census: HO107/1255/7, folio 6, p4
William, given age 20yrs, was working for his father at Cote Bank, Egton [see notes for father William BURNETT]

William married Margaret Hammond ROBINSON at Whitby in 1842 - their first two children were born at Cote Bank before William moved his family to Raven Hill farm near Dunsley. Raven Hill was a neighbouring farm to "Hagg" farm, where John ROBINSON, William's father-in-law, had farmed and where Margaret Hammond ROBINSON was born.

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 613, p1
Raven Hill, Newholm cum Dunsley
William BURNETT, head, 30, farmer of 108 acres, Egton
Margaret       do    , wife, 30, Whitby
Mary             do    , dau, 7, scholar, Egton
John               do   , son, 4, Whitby
Elizabeth         do   , dau, 2,    do
William           do   , son, 4m,  do
John STAMFORD, serv, 21, unm, farm servant, Guisbro'
Mary Ann WILLIAMSON, serv, 21, unm, house servant, Whitby
//

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 57, p1
Raven Hill, Newholm cum Dunsley
William BURNETT, head, 41, farmer of 108 acres, Egton
Margaret       do    , wife, 42, Dunsley
Mary             do    , dau, 17, Egton
John              do    , son, 14,   do
Elizabeth        do    , dau, 12, scholar, Raven Hill
William          do    , son, 10,      do        do
George           do    , son, 7,      do        do
Robert          do    , son, 5,       do        do
Thomas         do    , son, 3,      do        do
Margaret       do    , dau, 11m, Raven Hill
Joseph SCOTT, serv, 21, carter & ploughman, Stokesley
//

1871 census: HO107/1255/7, folio 6, p4
Raven Hill House, Newholm cum Dunsley
William BURNETT, head, 48, farmer of 108 acres, Egton
Margaret      do    , wife, 50, Dunsley
Robert          do    , son, 15, scholar, Dunsley
Thomas         do    , son, 13,     do        do
Emma SMITHERS serv, 21, unm, general servant, Stainsacre
//

William's wife Margaret died at Raven Hill in 1877.

1881 census: RG11/4836, folio 15, p4
Raven Hill, Newholm cum Dunsley
William BURNETT, head, 60, mar, farmer of 84 acres, Egton
Thomas          do    , son, 22, unm, farmer, Dunsley
Ann POTTER, serv, 34, mar, house keeper domestic servant, Hutton
Jane A. do    , dau, 10, scholar, Hutton
Sarah    do    , dau, 1, Dunsley
Henry F. SELLERS, serv, 14, farm servant, Raithwaite [Yks]
Jane FOXTONvisit, 30, mar, Dunsley
//
William incorrectly recorded as "married" - he had been a widower since wife Margaret died in 1877. William did marry again but this was not until 1882, when in fact he married his housekeeper Ann POTTER. Jane & Sarah POTTER were daughters of Ann POTTER, not daughters of head of household William BURNETT, though it is possible that 1yr old Sarah was William's illegitimate daughter.

When William married Ann POTTER, she was recorded as a widow; her maiden name was BOWES. In true BURNETT tradition William had already made Ann pregnant before they married, which lends more weight to the argument that Sarah POTTER in the 1881 census return above was indeed William BURNETT's illegitimate daughter - a fact which William appears to have acknowledged in 1891 census returns [see below].

Ann POTTER, nee BOWES, was 40yrs younger than William, who was 61yrs old, and their marriage must have raised a few eyebrows. Their first three children, all girls, were born at Raven Hill, but sometime after 1885 William and Ann moved from Raven Hill to Broad Ings Farm, in the parish of Ruswarp, Whitby. It was here that their son George was born (William had a previous son named George drowned at sea in 1870 - see monumental inscription below). William was just three months short of 70yrs old when George was born. Sadly two of these children, daughter Betsy and son George, died as infants and daughter Lillie died at just 16yrs old. The eldest child, daughter Daisy, survived to adulthood.

William's step-daughter Jane Ann POTTER married farmer Matthew AGAR of Egton in 1896.  They named their first child William Burnett AGAR, born in 1897, apparently acknowledging William's role in bringing up Jane Ann. Saddly William Burnett AGAR’s life was cut short at age 19yrs – he was killed in action in France during the Great War.  He is commemorated in a monumental inscription in old Egton churchyard and in a war memorial in present day St. Hilda’s parish church, Egton.

It is interesting to note that William was farming 24 acres less land at the time of the 1881 census than he was in previous census returns.

William apparently attempted to get into local politics by contesting a seat on the Whitby Local Board:-
"Leeds Mercury" newspaper, 8 Apr 1887:
WHITBY - RUSWARP WARD - In the contest for a seat on the Whitby Local Board as a representative of the Ruswarp Ward, there was a tie. Mr. W. Burnett and Mr. H, Weighill being credited with 68 votes each. A scrutiny took place and the votes were rechecked and recounted, the result being Mr. Weighill 67 votes and Mr. Burnett 64. The former was accordingly elected.

1891 census: RG12/3995, folio 56, p12
Broad Ings Farm, Ruswarp
William BURNETT, head, 70, farmer,  Egton
Ann               do      , wife, 45,  Kirbymoorside
Jane Ann POTTER, step-dtr, 18, domestic, Skelton
Sarah BURNETT, dtr, 11, scholar, Dunsley
Daisy          do    , dtr, 8, scholar, Dunsley
Lillie            do    , dtr, 5, Dunsley
George        do    , son, 6m, Ruswarp
John             do    , bro, wid, 77, living on own means, Egton.
//

It is perhaps significant that son Thomas was not recorded with his father at Broad Ings in 1891 - see notes for son Thomas BURNETT.

1901 census: RG13/4560, folio 120, p17
Broad Ings, Ruswarp
William BURNETT, head, 80, farmer, Egton
Ann             do    , wife, 56, Kirbymoorside
Sarah           do    , dau, 21, unm, Dunsley
Daisy            do    , dau, 18, unm, Dunsley
Lillie              do    , dau, 14, Dunsley
George  GEBBRAS?, serv, 45, mar, cattle man on farm, Whitby
//

Monumental Inscriptions, Egton Churchyard:
"In affectionate memory of Margaret, daughter of William and Margaret Burnett of Raven Hill, who died March 10th 1863 age 2yrs 10 months. Also George their son of the ship 'Avon', who was drowned at sea November 28th 1870 aged 17yrs. Also Margaret Hammond, wife of William Burnett, died April 22 1877 age 58yrs, and William Burnett, late of Broad Ings Farm, died at Whitby December 2nd 1907 age 87yrs"

William's second wife Ann is commemorated on a separate headstone:
"In loving memory of Ann, widow of William Burnett of Broad Ings Farm, who died at Whitby June 21st 1933 age 70yrs."

And William and Ann's children on a third headstone:
"Lillie, youngest daughter of William and Ann Burnett, who died at Whitby February 17th 1902 age 16yrs. Also George their son, who died May 24th 1891 age 7 months and Betsy their daughter who died June 28th 1884 age 5 weeks"

William's own death was announced in the "Whitby Gazette" newspaper. The death notice gave date of death 12 Feb 1907, age 87 years and residence at time of death 4 East Crescent [Whitby].

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, William, Mar 1907, Whitby, 9d 378. Age 87


Margaret Hammond ROBINSON

Margaret was born in 1818 at Dunsley, and baptised on 29 Jul 1818 at St. Mary's parish church, Whitby. Her parents were John ROBINSON and his wife Margaret, nee HAMMOND, who married at Eston [not Egton] on 29 Jul 1815. Margaret HAMMOND was born at Eston in 1785, daughter of George & Margaret HAMMOND. John ROBINSON farmed at "Haggs", which later became known as "Robinson Haggs", in Dunsley - close to Raven Hill where William BURNETT, Margaret's future husband, later farmed.

1841 census: HO107/1265/10, folio 17, p5
Wood End or Hagg, Dunsley
John ROBINSON, 65, farmer, Y
Margaret    do  , 55, Y
Margaret    do  , 20, Y **
Elizabeth    do  , 20, Y
/Joseph READMAN, 35, stonemason, Y
Jane           do   , 25, Y
//
**Margaret Hammond ROBINSON. She married William BURNETT of Cote Bank, Egton, in 1842 and they had eight children over a period of 18yrs. The first two were born at Cote Bank, before William & Margaret moved to Raven Hill, another farm in Dunsley, neighbouring her father's farm at Haggs.

Margaret died at Raven Hill on 22 Apr 1877. Her death was commemorated in an inscription on the headstone marking the grave of her husband William BURNETT in Egton, but she may have been buried elsewhere [see notes for husband William BURNETT]

GRO Index of Deaths: BURNETT, Margaret Hammond, Jun 1877, Whitby, 9d 302, age 58. The age at death, ages given in 1851 and 1861 census returns, and at marriage in 1842, are all consistent with her known date of baptism in 1818.


131. Mary BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 613, p1
With her parents & siblings at Raven Hill, Dunsley - see notes for father William BURNETT
//

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 57, p1
With her parents & siblings at Raven Hill, Dunsley - see notes for father William BURNETT
//

1867: Mary married Harrison BAXTER, son of master mariner and shipowner David BAXTER. Mary's younger sister Elizabeth married another of David's sons, John BAXTER, two years later.

No record has been found of either Mary or her husband Harrison BAXTER in census returns for 1871, 1881 or 1891. At the time of the 1901 census they were living in Ruswarp Township -

1901 census: RG13/4560, folio 47, p2
Union Place, Ruswarp Township
Harrison BAXTER, head, 57, steamship manager, Robin Hood's Bay
Mary            do    , wife, 57, Whitby
Margaret HARKER,  serv, 21, general domestic servant, Whitby
//


132. John BURNETT

1861 census:
John, aged 14yrs, was living with his parents at Raven Hill, Newholm. Birthplace given as Egton [see notes for father William BURNETT]

1871 census: not recorded at home with his parents at Raven Hill.

1881 census: RG11/4909, folio 64, p9
14 Alfred Street, Stranton [West Hartlepool], Durham
John BURNETT, head, 31, seaman, Whitby
Annie     do     , wife, 23, Whitby
//
[*Probably* this John BURNETT, who is thought to have become a seaman - see below. The given age is wrong for this John - should be 35 - but John may have shaved four years off in order to appear closer in age to his wife - who was 12yrs his junior.]

1891 census: not found - probably at sea

1901 census: not found - probably at sea

Death notice from the "Whitby Gazette", 2 Jan 1903:
Burnett, John - 18 Dec 1902, aged 57 - lost from on board the SS "Penelope" during a heavy gale, in the Gulf of Lyons.
Again this *probably* refers to this individual.


133. Elizabeth BURNETT

1851 census: HO107/2374, folio 613, p1
With her parents & siblings at Raven Hill, Dunsley - see notes for father William BURNETT
//

1861 census: RG9/3649, folio 57, p1
With her parents & siblings at Raven Hill, Dunsley - see notes for father William BURNETT
//

1869: Elizabeth married her brother-in-law, John BAXTER, son of master mariner and shipowner David BAXTER. Her elder sister Mary had married John's brother, Harrison BAXTER, just two years earlier.

1871 census: RG10/5047, folio 32
Elizabeth had accompanied her husband on a voyage of his ship "Oak", which was in Tyne Dock, Jarrow at the time of the census. The census schedule described the ship as a brig engaged in the Baltic trade. Other than the master, John BAXTER, there was a crew of just three men.
//

1881 census: RG11/998, folio 23, p7
Clarendon Villa, St. Andrew's Road, Deal, Kent
Elizabeth was recorded as head of household and described as a "Trinity Pilot's wife". Husband John was presumably working away from home on census night. Elizabeth had four children under 10yrs with her; the first three born in Whitby, the youngest born in Deal.
//

1891 census: RG12/746, folio 30, p20
79, Folkestone Rd., Hougham, Dover, Kent
Elizabeth again recorded as head of household in the absence of her husband. Three further children had been born while living in Deal.
//

1901 census: RG13/842, folio 123, p4
Elizabeth was at the same address in Hougham and once again recorded as head of household [was her husband ever at home?] She had three daughters living with her.
//


135. George BURNETT

1861 census: George, aged 7yrs, was living with his parents at Raven Hill, Newholm. Birthplace given as Raven Hill.

George became a seaman and was drowned at sea during a voyage on the ship "AVON" in 1870. [M.I., Egton churchyard. - see notes for father William BURNETT]


138. Margaret BURNETT

1861 census: Margaret, aged 11mths, was living with her parents at Raven Hill. Birthplace given as Raven Hill.
Margaret's death, on 10 Mar 1863, is recorded in a headstone inscription in Egton churchyard; age at death was 2yrs 10 months - hence born May 1860.


Ann (BOWES) POTTER

Ann POTTER [nee BOWES] had at least one child, a daughter named Jane Ann, with her first husband. At the time of the 1891 census Jane Ann POTTER was living with her mother and step-father William BURNETT at Broad Ings Farm, Ruswarp, Whitby.


139. Sarah BURNETT

1891 census:
Sarah BURNETT, age 11, birthplace Dunsley was recorded as a daughter of farmer William BURNETT at Broad Ings Farm, Ruswarp, at the time of the 1891 census. Assuming her age to be correct Sarah was born c1880 - two years before William married his second wife the widow Ann POTTER [nee BOWES]. Ann did have at least one daughter with her first husband because a Jane Ann POTTER was listed as a step-daughter of William BURNETT at Broad Ings in the same 1891 census return. Since Sarah was not described as a step-daughter we must assume that she was the illegitimate daughter of William BURNETT and Ann POTTER who decided they had better get married when Ann fell pregnant for a second time, with daughter Daisy [born just three months after the marriage]

1901 census:
Sarah was recorded as a 21yr old living with her supposed parents in Ruswarp - see notes for father William BURNETT

Neither birth registration nor baptism has been found for Sarah.


140. Daisy BURNETT

Daisy was 13 months old before she was baptised - having been born just two months after her parents married. Perhaps the parents were trying to cover their indiscretion?

Daisy Burnett was listed, together with Sarah Burnett, at 1 East Cres. Whitby, in the 1928 Polling List.


141. Betsy BURNETT

Monumental Inscription, Egton Churchyard:
"Lillie, youngest daughter of William and Ann Burnett, who died at Whitby February 17th 1902 age 16yrs. Also George their son, who died May 24th 1891 age 7 months and Betsy their daughter who died June 28th 1884 age 5 weeks"


142. Lillie BURNETT

Monumental Inscription, Egton Churchyard:
"Lillie, youngest daughter of William and Ann Burnett, who died at Whitby February 17th 1902 age 16yrs. Also George their son, who died May 24th 1891 age 7 months and Betsy their daughter who died June 28th 1884 age 5 weeks"

Death notice in "Whitby Gazette", 20 Feb 1902:
Burnett, Lillie - 17 Feb 1902, aged 15 - at 4 Crescent Avenue [Whitby].


143. George BURNETT

Monumental Inscription, Egton Churchyard:
"Lillie, youngest daughter of William and Ann Burnett, who died at Whitby February 17th 1902 age 16yrs. Also George their son, who died May 24th 1891 age 7 months and Betsy their daughter who died June 28th 1884 age 5 weeks"